Usefulness of Pseudocontinuous Arterial Spin-Labeling for the Assessment of Patients with Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma by Measuring Tumor Blood Flow in the Pretreatment and Early Treatment Period

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Editor’s Comment

Forty-one patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were evaluated by using pseudocontinuous ASL. Quantitative tumor blood flow was calculated at the pretreatment and the early treatment periods. Pretreatment tumor blood flow in patients in the treatment failure group was significantly lower than that in patients in the local control group. The use of the percentage change of tumor blood flow combined with the percentage change of tumor volume had high diagnostic accuracy for predicting local control.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

For the assessment of the treatment response in non-surgical treatment, tumor blood flow provides the functional information of the tumor which is different from the morphological information such as tumor volume. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of tumor blood flow values obtained by pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Forty-one patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were evaluated by using pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling. Quantitative tumor blood flow was calculated at the pretreatment and the early treatment periods in all the patients, and the percentage change of tumor blood flow between the two was calculated. At the early treatment period, based on their tumor volume reduction rate, we divided the patients into stable disease and partial response groups for a subgroup analysis. The local control or failure was confirmed either by histopathology or by radiologic evaluation within the follow-up.

RESULTS

Pretreatment tumor blood flow in patients in the failure group was significantly lower than that in patients in the local control group. In the subgroup analysis of patients with stable disease, the percentage change of tumor blood flow was significantly larger (due to the tumor blood flow increase from pretreatment value) in the local control group than in the failure group. In addition, in patients with a partial response, the percentage change of tumor blood flow was significantly smaller (due to the tumor blood flow decrease from the pretreatment value) in the local control group than in the failure group. The accuracy for determination of the local control group or the failure group in pretreatment tumor blood flow was 0.83 and that in the combination use of the percentage change of tumor blood flow and tumor volume in the early treatment period was 0.93.

CONCLUSIONS

Tumor blood flow obtained by pseudocontinuous arterial spin-labeling can be useful for the determination of local control. The combined use of the percentage change of tumor blood flow and tumor volume had particularly high diagnostic accuracy.

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Usefulness of Pseudocontinuous Arterial Spin-Labeling for the Assessment of Patients with Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma by Measuring Tumor Blood Flow in the Pretreatment and Early Treatment Period
jross
Jeffrey Ross • Mayo Clinic, Phoenix

Dr. Jeffrey S. Ross is a Professor of Radiology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, and practices neuroradiology at the Mayo Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. His publications include over 100 peer-reviewed articles, nearly 60 non-refereed articles, 33 book chapters, and 10 books. He was an AJNR Senior Editor from 2006-2015, is a member of the editorial board for 3 other journals, and a manuscript reviewer for 10 journals. He became Editor-in-Chief of the AJNR in July 2015. He received the Gold Medal Award from the ASSR in 2013.