Angioarchitectures and Hemodynamic Characteristics of Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms and Their Association with Rupture Status

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The authors studied 313 posterior communicating artery aneurysms (145 ruptured, 168 unruptured) with image-based computational fluid dynamics. Aneurysms were classified into different angioarchitecture types depending on the location of the aneurysm with respect to parent artery bifurcation. Ruptured aneurysms had higher, more concentrated, and more oscillatory wall shear stress distributions; stronger and more concentrated inflow jets; and more complex and unstable flow patterns compared with unruptured aneurysms. They conclude that high-flow intrasaccular hemodynamic characteristics, commonly found in bifurcation-type angioarchitectures, are associated with the posterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture status.

Abstract

 

Figure 4 from paper
Examples of ruptured and unruptured aneurysms in the most common angioarchitecture classes (types 2, 5, and 6). Columns show, from left to right, respectively: WSS magnitude, inflow jet, flow pattern at peak systole, and vortex cores at 3 instants of the cardiac cycle.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

Intracranial aneurysms originating at the posterior communicating artery are known to have high rupture risk compared with other locations. We tested the hypothesis that different angioarchitectures (ie, branch point configuration) of posterior communicating artery aneurysms are associated with aneurysm hemodynamics, which in turn predisposes aneurysms to rupture.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A total of 313 posterior communicating artery aneurysms (145 ruptured, 168 unruptured) were studied with image-based computational fluid dynamics. Aneurysms were classified into different angioarchitecture types depending on the location of the aneurysm with respect to parent artery bifurcation. Hemodynamic characteristics were compared between ruptured and unruptured aneurysms, as well as among aneurysms with different angioarchitectures.

RESULTS

Angioarchitecture was associated with rupture (P = .003). Ruptured aneurysms had higher, more concentrated, and more oscillatory wall shear stress distributions (maximum wall shear stress, P < .001; shear concentration index, P < .001; mean oscillatory shear index, P < .001), stronger and more concentrated inflow jets (represented as Q, P = .01; inflow concentration index, P< .001), and more complex and unstable flow patterns (vortex core length, P < .001; proper orthogonal decomposition entropy, P < .001) compared with unruptured aneurysms. These adverse conditions were more common in aneurysms with bifurcation-type angioarchitectures compared with those with lateral or sidewall angioarchitectures. Interestingly, ruptured aneurysms also had lower normalized mean wall shear stress (P = .02) and minimum wall shear stress (P = .002) than unruptured aneurysms.

CONCLUSIONS

High-flow intrasaccular hemodynamic characteristics, commonly found in bifurcation-type angioarchitectures, are associated with the posterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture status. These characteristics include strong and concentrated inflow jets, concentrated regions of elevated wall shear stress, oscillatory wall shear stress, lower normalized wall shear stress, and complex and unstable flow patterns.

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Angioarchitectures and Hemodynamic Characteristics of Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms and Their Association with Rupture Status
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jross
Jeffrey Ross • Mayo Clinic, Phoenix

Dr. Jeffrey S. Ross is a Professor of Radiology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, and practices neuroradiology at the Mayo Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. His publications include over 100 peer-reviewed articles, nearly 60 non-refereed articles, 33 book chapters, and 10 books. He was an AJNR Senior Editor from 2006-2015, is a member of the editorial board for 3 other journals, and a manuscript reviewer for 10 journals. He became Editor-in-Chief of the AJNR in July 2015. He received the Gold Medal Award from the ASSR in 2013.

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