Author: bookreviews

Book Reviews • American Journal of Neuroradiology

Beginning with the January 2009 issue, all book reviews that have been published in the American Journal of Neuroradiology are now available on AJNR Blog. As of January 2010, book reviews are a blog-only feature and no longer appear in the print or online versions of the AJNR.

Neuroimaging Clinics of North America: Adult Brain Tumors

Brandão LA, ed. Mukherji SK, consulting ed. Neuroimaging Clinics of North America: Adult Brain Tumors. Elsevier; 2016;26(4):493–694; $360.00

Brandao cover

This November 2016 issue of the Neuroimaging Clinics of North America consists of 9 chapters (nearly 200 pages in length) and covers a number of aspects of adult brain tumors. Edited by Dr. Lara Brandão with contributions from 21 international and national authors, this volume deals with (in order): posterior fossa tumors, lymphomas (2 chapters), the pre- and posttreatment evaluation of gliomas (2 chapters), metastasis, extra parenchymal tumors, advanced MR techniques, and interesting cases of pseudotumors. It is a bit surprising that there is not a chapter dedicated to the emerging brain tumor classifications based on molecular/genetic factors. While in our daily readings of brain MRs and CTs, we do not consider these molecular factors, these issues are discussed among members of neuro-oncology tumor boards, on which neuroradiologists are participants. With the increased emphasis on ICD types and their implications for therapy, some space on this subject is warranted. Had this been included, some of the terminology used elsewhere in the book might have been altered. Of course, the chapter on posttreatment of gliomas and the complexities in the analysis of such patients will be of great interest to the readers of this volume. The extensive material on lymphomas is important and noteworthy because of the increased incidence of disease and the multiple parameters that can be utilized in its detection and evaluation. Many important teaching points are raised in this 54-page (2-chapter) evaluation of lymphomas.

The images included in this volume are of high quality and are well-described, with important structural changes in brain tumors included. Even if one does not read the volume cover-to-cover, one can derive an understanding (providing a good review) of adult brain tumors and see …

Temporal Bone Dissection Guide, 2nd Edition

Francis HW, Niparko JK. Temporal Bone Dissection Guide. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 96 pp; 165 ill; $89.99

Francis and Niparko cover

The second edition of Temporal Bone Dissection Guide provides an excellent foundation for mastering temporal bone anatomy as well as otologic and neurotologic surgical procedures through a well-organized presentation of essential temporal bone anatomy and its clinical application in temporal bone surgery. The authors’ systematic approach to the presentation of the material parallels the progression of knowledge acquisition and skill development among otolaryngology residents and neurotology fellows-in-training. Following a well-emphasized discussion on the proper use of the operating microscope and otologic instruments, including suction/irrigation and high-speed drills, the authors describe temporal bone surface anatomy and the fundamentals of performing a successful and safe mastoidectomy before proceeding to discuss deeper, more complex anatomic features and mastery of anatomic landmarks in lateral skull base procedures. The second edition has also added a section on endoscopic middle ear dissection, which has become an essential component in mastering otologic surgical technique. Furthermore, this edition has expanded the description of techniques for infratemporal and extended middle fossa dissection.

The text of the dissection manual provides easy-to-follow, fundamental information that is supplemented with well-labeled illustrations, histologic slides, and radiographic images, as well as current references with suggested reading. Furthermore, included with the purchase of the dissection manual is access to online videos of cadaveric and intraoperative temporal bone dissection with narration by the contributing authors. A potential limitation of the manual is that it does not provide images of cadaveric or intraoperative temporal bone dissection, which could help readers further hone their understanding of the complex 3D anatomy.

The accurate and concise information presented in the dissection manual reflects the cumulative surgical and teaching experience of the contributing authors. Although several temporal bone dissection manuals have been published …

Pediatric Radiology: The Requisites, 4th Edition

Walters MM, Robertson RL. Pediatric Radiology: The Requisites. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2016; 432 pp; 1200 ill; $109.99

Walters and Robertson cover

The 4th edition of Pediatric Radiology, edited by Drs. Walters and Robertson, along with 21 other contributors, covers the field of pediatric radiology in 420 pages. Of course, in a book this short that attempts to address a large subspecialty, only the highlights of every area can be covered. This is the overall intent of the book—to provide a foundation in pediatric radiology upon which one can build. The neuroradiology portion of the book is reserved for the last 3 chapters (brain, spine, head and neck) and includes 144 pages. For a seasoned neuroradiologist, there are certainly other texts that are more inclusive; however, for a resident or fellow beginning a rotation in pediatric radiology or in neuroradiology, this is a solid introduction to the field. The images are crisp and each chapter summarizes the key elements.

Brain: congenital anomalies; neurocutaneous syndrome; hydrocephalus infections/inflammation; tumors; vascular disease and vascular anomalies; trauma; metabolic disease

Spine: developmental abnormalities; vascular abnormalities; trauma infection; inflammation; tumors

Head and Neck: congenital and developmental abnormalities (including orbits, nasal cavity, face, temporal bone, neck/oral cavity); trauma; infection/inflammatory conditions; tumors

For those who do not practice or observe much pediatric neuroradiology, these 3 chapters provide a wonderful summary, and the last chapter in particular allows one to evaluate and read about abnormalities that are infrequently encountered.

This book is recommended for any radiology library, whether in a private or academic practice. Neuroradiologists will not consider this a primary personal purchase.…

Broken Bones: The Radiological Atlas of Fractures and Dislocations, 2nd Edition

Chew FS, Maldijan C, Mulcahy H. Broken Bones: The Radiological Atlas of Fractures and Dislocations. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press; 2016; 406 pp; 1101 ill; $89.99

Chew et al cover

This is an atlas showing fractures and dislocations of many areas of the body. Two chapters (54 pages) deal with cervical and thoracolumbar spine injuries. It seems a bit unusual to have an atlas entitled Broken Bones and not include fractures of the skull, skull base, temporal bones, and facial bones. Are these not bones? Anyway, the spine imaging and the descriptions are adequate for the intended purpose of the book; however, when the authors describe entities such as atlantooccipital dislocations and mention associated tectorial membrane disruption, they fail to show that “disruption” with MR imaging. One recognizes that in modern-day spine trauma imaging, an analysis of the ligaments, in addition to bone imaging, is crucial. A neuroradiologist might consider the analysis in this book of spine trauma and acute fractures incomplete, even though some MRs are illustrated. There is not a sufficiently detailed analysis of ligamentous injuries associated with those fractures/dislocations to significantly advance our ability to precisely image these patients.

This book would be of limited interest to a neuroradiologist.…

AOSpine Masters Series, Volume 7: Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration

Vialle LR, ed. Fehlings MG, Weidner N, guest eds. AOSpine Masters Series: Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration. Vol 7. Thieme; 2016; 225 pp; 50 ill; $119.99

Vialle cover

The latest volume in the AOSpine Masters Series deals with spinal cord injury and regeneration. It should be a publication of interest to all neuroradiologists because it contains information that is not dealt with in common textbooks about spine radiology. The guest editors, Drs. Fehlings and Weidner, along with 25 contributors, address issues at the core of short-term and long-term care of patients with spinal cord injuries. The chapter on MR imaging covers important clinical/imaging correlates such as predicting outcomes based on MR and describing and annotating with technical factors the utility of advanced imaging protocol and more routinely employed MR protocols. The following chapters address topics other than pure imaging—such as the timing of surgery in acute spinal cord injury, the value of medical treatment, the potential role of neuroprotective schemes, materials used in attempts at neural repair and regeneration, the potential role of stem cell transplantation in SCI, and rehabilitative strategies for patients with spinal injuries—but are nonetheless of interest. Besides, the concepts of primary and secondary injury and the means of cord reconstitution are related to the very real, everyday issue of timing of possible surgery in acute SCI. The emphasis on the diminished effect of secondary injury (like vascular comprise/interruption) when decompressive surgery is performed within 24 hours posttrauma on a severely injured cord is summarized and discussed. Spinal Cord Injury and Regeneration is an important volume in this Spine Masters Series. It should appeal to all those who work closely with spine trauma surgeons, particularly in facilities where there is a sizeable rehab facility.…

Complications in Vascular Interventional Therapy: Case-Based Solutions

Mueller-Huelsbeck S, Jahnke T. Complications in Vascular Interventional Therapy: Case-Based Solutions. Thieme; 2016; 280 pp; 540 ill; $159.99

Mueller-Huelsbeck and Jahnke cover

Steve Harvey, the entertainer who mistakenly crowned the wrong woman as Miss Universe 2015, once said, “Failure is a great teacher, and I think when you make mistakes and you recover from them and you treat them as valuable learning experiences, then you’ve got something to share.” While mistakes in medicine are never as laughable as his, this quote underscores one of the most powerful teachers in medicine: mistakes. Winston Churchill said, “All men make mistakes, but only wise men learn from their mistakes.” While local morbidity and mortality conferences allow groups to learn from one individual’s mistakes, fear of legal action or professional embarrassment engenders reticence to present and publish our own mistakes on a national or international stage. However, physicians everywhere know the value of learning from complications. For example, by popular demand, a local morbidity and mortality conference in Austria has morphed into a major international conference (International Conference on Complications in Interventional Radiology sponsored by the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Society of Europe, or CIRSE).

This book presents a total of 106 cases (illustrated with 540 images). Each case provides patient history, initial/intended treatment, problems encountered, a list of possible bailouts of the complication, an explanation of which route was chosen and how it was carried out, and finally, an analysis of the complication. What makes the cases such good learning experiences is the fact that, despite many awful-looking initial complications, only one of the patients died (but likely because of his underlying condition rather than the complication). Therefore, in reading this book, one can learn of the plethora of endovascular complications that exist, and hopefully learn how to prevent their occurrence, or at the very least, …

Measurements and Classifications in Musculoskeletal Radiology and Imaging of Bones and Joints

Waldt S, Woertler K. Measurements and Classifications in Musculoskeletal Radiology. Thieme; 2016; 232 pp; 423 ill; $129.99

Bohndorf K, Anderson M, Davies M, et al. Imaging of Bones and Joints: A Concise, Multimodality Approach. Thieme; 2016; 536 pp; 2181 ill; $204.99

Two newly published textbooks, Measurements and Classifications in Musculoskeletal Radiology by Simone Waldt and Klaus Woertler and Imaging of Bones and Joints by Klaus Bohndorf, Mark Anderson, Mark Davies, Herwig Imhor, and Klaus Woertler, have sections within them which would be of interest to the neuroradiologist. In the former book, 32 pages are devoted to the spine and include important information on specific measurements related to scoliosis, spine rotation, balance lines, spondylolisthesis, and disc abnormalities, as well as measurements related to the craniocervical junction and the cervical spine. In the latter book, 31 pages are devoted to the spine and cranial vault, along with 26 additional pages on some of the more commonly encountered findings in rheumatic disorders of the spine, SAPHO, and degeneration of the spine. It is particularly interesting that the authors call defects in the annulus “tears” as opposed to the more widely accepted term “fissures.” These books can be recommended to MSK colleagues.

Cover of Waldt Cover of Bohndorf

Radiology Secrets Plus, 4th Edition

Torigian DA, Ramchandani P, eds. Radiology Secrets Plus. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2016; 944 pp; $59.99

Cover of Torigian and Ramchandani

This 900-page, softcover book covering all major areas of diagnostic radiology has an interesting format. Each subject area (for example, imaging modalities, breast imaging, cardiac/vascular imaging, interventional radiology, nuclear medicine, pediatric radiology, thoracic imaging, GU imaging, neuroradiology, MSK imaging and ultrasound) is presented in a question and answer format. Adequate imaging is displayed and highlights key findings. Neuroradiology occupies a surprisingly small part of the book (50 pages), and the questions asked are those which would be directed to a first- or second-year resident. This is not a book that would be of any interest to a neuroradiologist, but the program director of a residency program might find it useful for the general library.…

RadCases: Head and Neck Imaging

Shah G, Wesolowski J, Choi J, Friedman ER. RadCases: Head and Neck Imaging. Thieme; 2016; 224 pp; 441 ill; $59.99

Cover of Shah

RadCases: Head and Neck Imaging features a nice series of 100 cases that illustrates both relatively common and challenging head and neck abnormalities; these cases are supplemented with additional material (150 cases), which is accessible through a scratch-off code that readers can enter into the Thieme website. These extra 150 cases provide an excellent self-quiz.

The print version shows each unknown with its history and, on the overleaf, the diagnosis is stated, the images are reproduced and labeled, and a differential diagnosis is provided, along with what are called “essential facts,” other potential and associated imaging findings, and “pearls and pitfalls.” These 100 cases and the 150 online are well chosen; however, it would have been worthwhile to include additional postoperative neck scans (along with the PET scanning). It also might have been valuable to have included more cases in which the findings were not so blatant. As we all know, the major challenge is finding or identifying lesions, not necessarily giving a differential diagnosis. For the online cases, the ability to go from images, to image annotations, to differential diagnoses, to key points makes learning efficient. This book serves as a refresher that helps one sharpen diagnostic abilities in head and neck imaging.

Side note: When some minor difficulty was encountered in accessing these web-based images, Thieme was contacted directly, and its representatives were immediately responsive and helpful in their assistance. This should be reassuring to those who purchase Thieme publications that have a web link to extra material.…

Neurosurgery Practice Questions and Answers, 2nd Edition

Shaya MR, Gragnaniello C, Nader R. Neurosurgery Practice Questions and Answers. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 256 pp; 150 ill; $59.99

Cover of Shaya

In this 256-page, softcover publication, there are 805 multiple choice questions, followed by the answers to each question. There are a considerable number of imaging studies, each followed by a question that requires an understanding of the imaging/diagnosis and the surgical possibilies associated with each. Actually, the questions pose interesting dilemmas in choosing the correct answer. Of course, many questions involve issues that do not directly touch on neuroradiology, but it is surprising how many do. This book is clearly written for and recommended for housestaff in neurosurgery; however, if you know someone who has the book, try testing yourself. These brief questions are significantly educational.…