Book Reviews

Vertigo and Disequilibrium: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Management, 2nd Edition

Weber PC. Vertigo and Disequilibrium: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Management. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 248 pp; 167 ill; $129.99

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The second edition of Vertigo and Disequilibrium: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Management, authored and edited by Dr. Peter C. Weber, takes on the challenging task of summarizing the diagnosis, pathophysiology, and treatment of the various etiologies of vertigo and disequilibrium in a mere 230 pages. Although vertigo and disequilibrium are relatively common complaints, their work-up is a daunting and intimidating task for most physicians. Dr. Weber describes the vestibular system as a poorly understood “black box” because of limited exposure to its anatomy and pathophysiology during medical school and residency training. This book successfully addresses common misunderstandings and lays out a systematic approach to the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of various etiologies accounting for vertigo and disequilibrium. The chapters are short, concise, clear, well-written, well-organized, and supplemented with helpful figures and tables, as well as updated references for more in-depth reading. The book ends with an appendix of practical frequently asked questions, which would be of use to both physicians and patients alike. The supplemental online videos, which have been expanded from the first edition, provide examples of common procedures, treatment maneuvers, physical examination techniques, and signs.

The first 6 chapters lay the groundwork for the rest of the book by succinctly summarizing important aspects of the medical history, physical examination, computerized testing, radiology work-up, anatomy, physiology, and laboratory testing in patients with vertigo and disequilibrium. At the beginning of Chapter 1, Dr. Weber stresses the paramount importance of a medical history: “The diagnosis of a patient with vertigo or dizziness can almost always be ascertained 80% of the time by taking an accurate history.” In the very first paragraph of the book, the author …

Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade, 3rd Edition

Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ, eds. Spine Surgery: Tricks of the Trade. 3rd ed. Thieme; 2016; 462 pp; 400 ill; $199.99

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Summarizing and organizing all aspects of spine surgery is a daunting and arduous task. The spinal column can provide a variety of pathology to the surgeon while offering particular vulnerability in the trauma setting, necessitating urgent or emergent attention. This text is authored by 2 of the most reputable spine surgeons in the world, which offers the reader some confidence as they navigate through the chapters. The other contributors are also recognized as experts in the subject category they are describing.

The text consists of 21 distinct sections providing organization and appropriate categorization of all aspects of spine surgery. Within these 21 sections, 112 chapters highlight the finer details of each topic and procedure. The chapters are each very easy to read and understand, no matter the level of one’s training or discipline. These chapters are all structured with a similar foundation and schematic so that the readers of this text can anticipate the areas of focus from page to page.  Uniformly, each of the 112 chapters includes a description of the procedure discussed, indications/contraindications, and special considerations. Each also highlights key procedural steps and shares the experiences of other surgeons to help avoid pitfalls and ensure technical completion of the surgical objective.

As an owner of both the second and third editions, I can personally attest to the quality improvements of this resource. Color illustrations, charts, and photographs are featured in every chapter, as opposed to only black and white pictures in the previous edition. Moreover, this edition provides online access to a multitude of videos that demonstrate the technical aspects of these operations, which were filmed in the operating room or on cadavers. Furthermore, the scope of …

MCQ Based Review of Neuroradiology-Update, Category–Brain, 500 MCQs For ABR Core, Certifying and CAQ Exams

Takhtani D. MCQ Based Review of Neuroradiology-Update. iTunes; 2015; 636 pp and ill; $12.99

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MCQ Based Review of Neuroradiology is an innovative collection of 500 multiple choice questions (MCQs) dealing with a wide variety of subjects including pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, neuroimaging, and physics. It is intended as a review for radiologists in training planning to take their core, certifying, or CAQ examinations or for practicing radiologists who desire a case- and question-based neuroradiology review.

The questions are divided into 3 groups based on difficulty level. Each chapter begins with a series of images followed by several MCQs and finally by answer pages that cover the main topic and ancillary information. The images are of high quality and are well annotated, the questions are clear and well thought out, and the articles are well-written and provide reliable and up-to-date information. Furthermore, the book is incredibly interactive. Most of the terms are linked to the Internet and to other parts of the book, you can search within the book, highlight, add notes, and even listen to the text.

Having recently taken the ABR’s Core Examination, I can attest to the usefulness of this book in preparing for the new exam format. Particularly in the area of physics as it pertains to neuroradiology, this book presents practical and clinically relevant scenarios that come up in everyday practice and the explanations are coherent and easy to follow.

In summary, in this increasingly digital world, this book has many features that make it a very dynamic and interactive learning experience, and is a valuable educational tool for any radiologist desiring to sharpen their diagnostic abilities in neuroimaging.…

Interventional Oncology: Principles and Practice of Image-Guided Cancer Therapy, 2nd Edition

Geschwind J-F, Soulen MC, eds. Interventional Oncology: Principles and Practice of Image-Guided Cancer Therapy. 2nd ed. Cambridge Medicine; 2016; 346 pp; 94 ill; $199.00

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Interventional oncology (IO) is a rapidly advancing and ever-changing field. So important has IO become in the treatment of patients with cancer that it is the fourth pillar of cancer care, with the traditional 3 being surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.1 Diagnostic and interventional radiologists both play important roles in the clinical evaluation of patients and participate in multidisciplinary tumor boards. Participation in these boards is a must for the diagnostic and interventional radiologist alike. It is no longer sufficient for radiologist to merely show images and perform anatomic measurements of tumor response; rather, a thorough understanding of the disease process and multidisciplinary therapeutic options is required to add true value to the discussion.

Traditionally, IO has been thought of in the narrow scope of liver-directed therapy, such as that for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or liver-predominant colorectal metastases. Now, IO encompasses bone ablation, prostate ablation, treatment of lung cancer, primary and adjunctive treatment of renal cell carcinoma, and a host of palliative care procedures.

This book showcases the breadth of pathology and the wide-ranging tools that interventional radiology and IO have at their disposal to treat patients with cancer. Specialists from around the world have contributed and authors are the definitive authorities on their topics (e.g., Riccardo Lencioni authors the chapter on the assessment and triage of hepatocellular carcinoma, and Peter Mueller and Debra Gervais author the chapter on the management of small renal masses).

Organized into a total of 10 sections, this book first discusses principles behind therapies (e.g., how Y-90 or radiofrequency ablation works) and then discusses specific modalities for the treatment of specific diseases (e.g., Y-90 for colorectal liver metastases and ablation …

Neurosurgical Operative Atlas: Spine and Peripheral Nerves, 3rd Edition

Wolfla CE, Resnick DK. Neurosurgical Operative Atlas: Spine and Peripheral Nerves. 3rd ed. Thieme; 2016; 546 pp; 874 ill; $269.99

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Neurosurgical Operative Atlas is a comprehensive tutorial on current spinal and peripheral nerve surgery written by a group of authors mainly from the world of neurosurgery. The sections covering surgery of the spine give a comprehensive overview of topics such as decompression, instrumentation, and fusion. Further specialty topics such as tumor excisions and vascular malformations are also covered. The section on peripheral nerves mainly covers surgical treatment of upper and lower extremity nerve compression syndromes, as well as treatments of brachial plexus injuries.

The organizational structure, teaching value, and accuracy of the information presented is a strength of this book. Each chapter is organized into sections discussing indications for treatment, patient selection, treatment options, and preoperative planning for various procedures. The subjects are comprehensively covered without getting mired in the minutiae of various pathologies and concepts. It can serve as both a reference and a primary guide for reviewing operative techniques; hence, as a teaching text, it is quite useful. The accuracy of the information presented is as expected for a textbook published with the support of a reputable organization such as the American Association for Neurological Surgeons. The references cited in every chapter are invariably from peer-reviewed journals and leading textbooks in the various disciplines of surgery covered.

The images and illustrations presented in this text are of excellent quality. The illustrations are not always as visually appealing as those that can be found in other texts, but they serve as a strong supplement to the written portions. The greatest strength of this book, however, is the generally outstanding series of intraoperative images provided. The editors and authors have managed to acquire images of great quality, which is …

Noninterpretive Skills in Radiology: Q&A Top Score Prep Guide for the Boards

Weissman AF, Bartel TB. Noninterpretive Skills in Radiology: Q&A Top Score Prep Guide for the Boards. Thieme; 2016; 110 pp; 25 ill; $39.99

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Familiarity with many of the issues raised in this succinct, softcover book entitled Noninterpretive Skills in Radiology is germane not only for those tested by the ABR, but also for those involved in any of the administrative aspects of hospital and clinical practice. While the ABR does disseminate material deemed to be useful in preparation for their examinations, it provides less of a study guide than this publication, which all radiologists will find useful.

After a 28-page introduction to noninterpretive skills, the remaining 54 pages are set up in a question and answer manner in which multiple choice questions are asked and immediately following are short, well-written answers and appropriate references.

Many important items are covered in the material, including (but not limited to) quality improvement, metrics used in assessing value and productivity, safety, errors, RCA, contrast allergies and nephropathy, statistics, professionalism, and more. Among all of this material are embedded buzzwords, such as the “Hawthorne effect” or the “Swiss cheese model,” of which we have little understanding. Within each section are excellent graphics, cartoons, and medical images which help to solidify each discussion point. The 175 questions cover most material with which one would be expected to be familiar.

This straightforward book should be of interest to all those in radiology, but should be particularly valuable to those anticipating sitting for the ABR exam. It is a recommended purchase for all departments and could be a good addition to one’s personal library.…

Imaging Anatomy: Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis, 2nd Edition

Federle MP, Rosado-de-Christenson ML, Raman SP, Carter BW, Woodward PJ, Shaaban AM. Imaging Anatomy: Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis. 2nd ed. Elsevier; 2016; 1192 pp; $329.99

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For anyone predominantly or exclusively involved in neuroradiology, having a high-quality, well-illustrated, and readily available text covering the chest, abdomen, and pelvis is desirable. Those parts of the body have a nasty way of occasionally making the interpretations of spine imaging more difficult. Enter the second edition of Imaging Anatomy: Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis (2017), published by Elsevier and edited by Drs. Federle, Rosado-de-Christenson, Raman, Carter, Woodward, and Shaaban. As with all the books in this series, the drawings, the imaging, and the bullet point written material in this hardcover book is outstanding in quality.

The chest section is divided into 16 chapters, the abdomen into 17 chapters, and the pelvis into 8 chapters. The emphasis throughout, as the title implies, is on anatomy; however, in some sections (e.g., in the abdomen) there is more pathologic imaging than in others. Nearly all of the material is pertinent to our interpretation of spine imaging when large fields of view are included (or even if the FOVs are narrow). Nowhere is this more pertinent than when viewing thoracic lumbar spine imaging (CTs in particular) and analyzing the abdominal contents when required. Here would be a ready reference to help resolve questions related to anatomy and pathology incidentally seen on neuroimaging. The same can be said for the imaging of the pelvis. Here (as in the entire book) the illustrations of the anatomy are outstanding. These help to further one’s appreciation of the accompanying CT anatomy, although MR and US are included to a lesser extent. There are areas that will not be troublesome when viewing spine or lumbosacral plexus studies, such as detailed imaging anatomy of the heart …

Neuroimaging Clinics of North America: Pediatric Brain Tumors Update

Brandão LA, ed. Mukherji SK, consulting ed. Neuroimaging Clinics of North America: Pediatric Brain Tumors Update. Elsevier; 2017;27(1):1–194; $365.00

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As a follow-up to the last issue (November 2016) of the Neuroimaging Clinics of North America, which dealt with adult brain tumors, the current issue, also edited by Dr. Lara Brandão, concerns an update on pediatric brain tumors. One hundred and ninety-four pages in length, the material covers not only standard imaging/findings in pediatric tumors, but also importantly includes advanced techniques both in the initial patient assessment and in posttherapy evaluation. The nine chapters of this issue are: posterior fossa tumors; supratentorial tumors; neonatal brain tumors; pineal region masses; sella and the parasellar region rumors; extraparenchymal lesions; tumors and tumor-like masses that involve multiple spaces; peptide-based vaccine therapies; and advanced MR imaging/clinical applications. For the seasoned neuroradiologist, the last two chapters will be of greatest interest; however, the entire volume addresses key imaging points in a wide spectrum of neoplastic brain disorders. Dr. Brandão has done a remarkable job (similar to the editorship of the prior volume) getting the 24 authors to contribute their experiences and expertise to this important issue. If one is not a Neuroimaging Clinics of North America subscriber, then this single issue is a recommended purchase for one’s personal collection or for a departmental library.…

Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Brain and Meninges, Spine, and Head and Neck

Meyers SP. Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Brain and Meninges. Thieme; 2016; 652 pp; 1713 ill; $179.99

Meyers SP. Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Spine. Thieme; 2016; 288 pp; 309 ill; $149.99

Meyers SP. Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Head and Neck. Thieme; 2016; 664 pp; 1538 ill; $179.99

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With an unprecedented trifecta, Dr. Steven Meyers from the University of Rochester Medical Center has single-handedly authored and simultaneously published 3 books: Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Brain and Meninges (652 pages), Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Spine (288 pages), and Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Head and Neck (664 pages). The set up in each book is similar and follows the same format, which in turn adds to the appeal of these 3 publications.

Each book has a short introduction related to anatomy and/or development, and in some areas there are short descriptions of anatomy and function that precede specific material. Pathological cases are presented in well-defined sections, each containing abundant and well-chosen images that are combined with tables that list each disease and adjacent to columns containing findings and comments on the disease under consideration. This is not a common way of presenting material; however, it is effective, allowing a substantial amount of material to be discussed in a compact space. It also allows a nice separation of imaging findings from other important clinical and pathologic information. I do find it amazing that Dr. Meyers was able to obtain all of these images from his own files and collate them so completely.

The chapters in Brain are: congenital malformations; supratentorial intra-axial lesions; infratentrial intra-axial lesions; multiple lesions; white matter lesions and diffuse lesions in children; lesions of the basal ganglia; neurodegenerative disorders; ischemia/infarction in adults; ischemia/infarction in children; intra- and parasellar lesions; and pineal region lesions. The chapters in Spine are: congenital/development; …

General and Vascular Ultrasound: Case Review, 3rd Edition

McGahan JP, Teefey SA, Needleman L. General and Vascular Ultrasound: Case Review. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2016; 376 pp; 800 ill; $59.99

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The third edition of General and Vascular Ultrasound: Case Review Series (2016) by John McGahan, Sharlene Teefey, and Laurence Needleman is an update to this classic series that has helped generations of radiology residents on their paths toward board certification. While the format of the new board exam is different, these cases of varying difficulty are no less relevant than they were when we all traveled to Louisville.

A total of 127 cases are categorized as Opening Round, Fair Game, and Challenge cases. As has historically been the case, Opening Round is a great warm-up for those basic cases that should be seen early in residency, Fair Game cases offer a good review for more senior residents, and Challenge cases give upper-level residents a run for their money. Even for general radiologists in practice, reviewing all of these cases can help individuals recall forgotten tidbits of knowledge about common cases we see fairly frequently. Approaching each case as an unknown is not only entertaining, but brings back mostly fond (and some not-so-fond) memories of countless hours of boards preparation.

Each case begins with an image, a brief history, and 4 multiple choice questions about the image. The subsequent page gives the diagnosis, the answer to the questions, and a commentary which varies in format depending on the case. Cross references to The Requisites series rounds out the case, along with acknowledgments where appropriate. The images are good and a section of supplemental images is a nice addition to round out the review of each case.

I continue to highly recommend the Case Review Series, including this book, to residents studying on rotation and preparing for the boards. The …