Book Reviews

Skull Base Imaging

Chong V. Skull Base Imaging. Elsevier; 2018; 350 pp; $99.99

Cover of Chong

Skull Base Imaging is a relatively short but succinct text that deals with issues and images that neuroradiologists face on a daily basis. Edited by Dr. Vincent Chong with contributions from 30 authors from around the globe, this 409-page book highlights, in 17 chapters, imaging and the clinical importance of abnormalities of the skull base, including (but not limited to) the sinuses, temporal bone, craniocervical junction, and bone lesions. Within most chapters is information that directly addresses why certain observations are important in patient care and surgical and interventional management. Emphasized by a number of authors is the need to construct radiology reports, which are meaningful particularly to the surgeon.

As is appropriate, some chapters contain normal anatomic descriptions and illustrations and importantly, as in imaging of the sinuses, middle ear, mastoids and IAC, CT predominantly demonstrates the consequences of prior surgery. All of the chapters were well illustrated and appropriately written. Noteworthy are the anatomic descriptions of the paranasal sinuses, the variants that in turn determine the variable drainage pathways, what should appear in CT reports, how this is surgically important, and where danger areas exist. There are good demonstrations of multiple abnormalities, such as invasive fungal sinusitis, idiopathic inflammatory pseudotumors, perineural spread of SCC, and invasion of the skull base, among other abnormalities.

The chapter on imaging in endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery, co-authored by radiologists and a surgeon, describes anatomic limitations in endoscopic surgery, which are important details for radiologists to understand.

Imaging of the temporal bone is discussed in 5 chapters (Inflammatory, Tumors, Trauma, Hearing Loss, Postoperative Findings) and is a large portion of the book. The variety and choices of images (CT and MR) depict the salient features of these chapters. For those who …

Expert DDx: Brain and Spine, 2nd Edition

Jhaveri MD, Salzman KL, Ross JS, et al. Expert DDx: Brain and Spine. 2nd ed. Elsevier; 2018; 1096 pp; 3500 ill; $329.99

Cover of Jhaveri

There are different ways to present imaging material in a textbook or online. One is to index diseases and refer the reader to the proper pages; another is to show the imaging related to a specific set or sets of clinical findings/symptoms. A third is to group images according to the observed imaging findings and describe/illustrate multiple cases showing those findings. This last approach is generally the one taken by the authors of the second edition of Expert DDx: Brain and Spine. By doing this, most entities encountered in a neuroradiology practice are seen.

When confronted with a certain finding or findings, one may not recall or think of the multiple differential possibilities. This book allows them to do exactly that. Divided into 2 parts (skull/brain and spine), this 1000-page hardcover book edited by Drs. Jhaveri, Salzman, Ross, Moore, Osborn, and Ho covers in Part 1 the skull, meninges, ventricles/periventricular region, extra-axial space, brain parenchyma (infratentorial and supratentorial), sella, pineal gland, vasculature, and cranial nerves; in Part 2, the CV junction, vertebral segments, disc/end plates, and extradural, intradural, and intramedullary areas are covered. The vast collection of cases on both MR and CT is remarkable for its completeness and for the quality of the images.

This second edition is far more expensive than the first edition (published in 2009). It includes more descriptive material and a greater number of images, and it uses a smaller font size so there is more information available to the reader. The details accompanying the images allow one to rapidly assimilate essential information for each disease.

This volume is highly recommended for both seasoned neuroradiologists and those in training.…

Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound, 3rd Edition

Jacobson JA. Fundamentals of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2017; 472 pp; $99.99

Cover of Jacobson

Ultrasound as an imaging modality has proven to be a very useful and cost-effective tool in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders. Recent improvements in portability and imaging resolution have further expanded its value and turned it into one of the primary methods for initially evaluating musculoskeletal injuries.

Dr. Jon A. Jacobson, Professor of Radiology at the University of Michigan, crowns his vast research and academic activities with this well-organized and easily accessible textbook.

Now in its third edition, this title provides a comprehensive review of the utility of ultrasound in the assessment of musculoskeletal disorders and covers all of the salient points needed to make an accurate diagnosis, including the basics of anatomy, scanning techniques, patient positioning, pathologies, imaging pitfalls, and controversies.

The volume is comprised of 9 chapters and a preface, designed to help the reader understand the principles of musculoskeletal ultrasound and therefore practice with more confidence. Numerous examination checklists and sample reports make it an excellent resource for quick consults.

The text contains almost 1200 high-quality images and over 200 narrated video clips of real-time dynamic ultrasound imaging. The high-resolution images in each chapter effectively demonstrate normal anatomy and pathology. The narrated videos (available online) splendidly demonstrate not only normal anatomy and pathology, but also patient positioning and technique. Together, they turn this edition into a helpful teaching tool that enables the dynamic character of ultrasound to be studied and assessed more effectively by the reader.

Chapter 1 outlines some of the basic concepts concerning the use and purpose of ultrasound explicitly. These basics range from understanding how to properly use the machine to best interpret what is visualized to different scanning techniques needed to more accurately depict musculoskeletal pathologies. It begins by …

Neurosurgical Emergencies, 3rd Edition

Loftus CM. Neurosurgical Emergencies. 3rd ed. Thieme; 2017; 420 pp; 400 ill; $169.99

Cover of Loftus

As neuroradiologists, we deal daily with neurosurgical emergencies of one sort or another. While many of the decisions regarding patient management are clear, there are others about which the criteria for intervention or nonintervention are less well-appreciated. Examples abound: criteria for operating on an SDH, timing for operating or intervening on an aneurysm, treatment/decompression of acute spinal cord injury, etc.

This third edition of Neurosurgical Emergencies, edited by Dr. Christopher Loftus of the Temple University School of Medicine, is a 420-page hardcover book with contributions from 86 authors. It is divided into 37 chapters, nearly every one of which is pertinent to the practice of neuroradiology. Chapter subjects include: loss of consciousness, ICP monitoring, acute hydrocephalus, herniations, cerebral trauma, intracranial hemorrhage, pituitary apoplexy, SAH, acute stroke, venous thrombosis, cerebral infections, emergency treatment of brain tumors, decompression of the optic/facial nerves, status epilepticus, multisystem trauma, acute disc disease, vertebral column fractures/dislocations, spine and spinal cord injury, cord compression due to metastatic disease, spinal vascular malformations, infection of the spine, guidelines for treatment of spine injuries, treatment of peripheral nerve injuries, treatment of compressive peripheral neuropathies, acute shunt malfunction, and myelomeningoceles.

There is adequate imaging in these chapters, and the descriptive information in the subsections in each chapter adds a level of information that will be of value when reading studies, preparing educational lectures, or teaching in a one-on-one environment. We all realize that it is extremely beneficial to read material that is outside our exact areas of subspecialty but is related clinically; doing so brings out information with which one may not be familiar but is nonetheless germane. This book is such an example. It is recommended to readers of the AJNR and members of the ASNR.…

Diagnostic Imaging: Pediatrics, 3rd Edition

Merrow AC Jr. Diagnostic Imaging: Pediatrics. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2017; 1312 pp; 2500 ill; $442.00

Cover of Quencer

Although written primarily for pediatric radiologists, the third edition of Diagnostic Imaging: Pediatrics, published by Elsevier, contains an abundance of material for the neuroradiologist. In fact, there are 3 sections (brain, spine, and head and neck) totaling 220 pages that are strictly neuro-based, and if one considers other areas where there is an overlap with neuroradiology, such as multicentric diseases or airway disease, there is appeal to those who interpret neuro-based cases.

In keeping with the style of the many other books in this remarkable series, the case material is presented in a format that is well-known to all radiologists. This hardcover volume, edited by Dr. Merrow from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital with contributions from 25 other authors, includes—in addition to the neuroradiology sections mentioned above—the following sections: airway, chest, cardiac, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal.

While topics in the brain, spine, and head and neck are covered in other, more specialized books in this series, having all pediatric imaging together in 1 volume is an educational plus. Of course, the e-version may be obtained with a scratch-off code when the book is purchased. As expected, each section begins with “The Approach to…”. For example, there are pages for normal myelination in the brain section and a review of cardiac anatomy in the cardiac section.

Throughout, the book lives up to the extremely high standards associated with this series. Every radiologist practicing a great deal of pediatrics imaging should have rapid access to the book either through their own copy or through one in a departmental/sectional library.

The quality of images and drawings, the completeness of imaging findings, and the all-inclusive nature of this publication makes it a highly recommended purchase.…

Diagnostic Ultrasound, 2-Volume Set, 5th Edition

Rumack CM, Levine D. Diagnostic Ultrasound. 5th ed. Elsevier; 2018; 2240 pp; $349.99

Cover of Rumack

Diagnostic Ultrasound has been a respected and commonly used reference text for everyone who works with clinical ultrasonography worldwide for more than 2 decades. Seven years after the release of its fourth edition, the fifth edition of the renowned textbook in diagnostic ultrasonography by Rumack and Levine is finally available. The text underwent a thorough review of its contents and references, with several new images and videos added to the already large pictorial pool. This book provides fundamental sonographic information to a diverse audience and a wide range of radiology subspecialties, including abdominal, pediatric, women’s, vascular, and neuroimaging, with contributions from more than 100 experts in the field. It brings up-to-date information on the latest ultrasonography techniques (eg, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography, elastography, and 3D imaging), clinical indications, and pathologic findings.

Like its previous edition, the book is composed of 2 volumes divided into 5 parts and 56 printed chapters. An important online “virtual” chapter was added to the current edition, dedicated only to ultrasound artifacts. Volume 1 includes Parts I, II, and III, beginning with chapters on ultrasound physics and followed by sections on abdominal, pelvic, thoracic, small parts, carotid, and peripheral vascular imaging. The chapters on extracranial cerebral vessels should be of great interest to neuroradiologists and neurointerventionalists, particularly those involved with stroke care. Volume 2 is dedicated, once again, to obstetric and pediatric ultrasound, with several chapters focused on fetal and pediatric neuroimaging. In addition to the extensive review of congenital and acquired pediatric and fetal brain, head and neck, and spine disorders, interesting new topics have been included, such as fetal and infant central nervous system findings of Zika infection.

Overall, the text is well-organized and comprehensive, with a very direct, easy-to-read style. A …

Clinical Emergency Radiology, 2nd Edition

Fox JC, ed. Clinical Emergency Radiology. 2nd ed. Cambridge Medicine; 2017; 650 pp; 1271 ill; $165.00

Cover of Fox

Emergency radiology encompasses a wide array of topics across various subspecialties and imaging modalities, providing a challenge to any author or editor putting together a text on the topic. Choices regarding depth and scope have to be made, and the editors and authors of Clinical Emergency Radiology have made a clear decision to provide a heavily image-based discussion of the topic. The book is best summarized as a pictorial review of the radiologic presentations of common pathologies presenting to the emergency department.

The book as a whole is well-organized, divided roughly into thirds by modality, with each chapter within a modality devoted to a particular body part. The first third covers conventional radiography, the second third covers point-of-care ultrasound, and the final third is devoted to CT and MRI. Each chapter has roughly the same format, giving the book a nice rhythm. Each chapter starts with concise text providing an overview of imaging indications, capabilities, and pitfalls, followed by clinical images. While constituting the majority of each chapter, the clinical images are essentially limited to the most common presentations of the most common diagnoses. Allowing for the inherent difficulties all books seem to have reproducing conventional radiographs, the images are of high quality. Notably, many sections, especially those covering the more advanced imaging modalities, include images of normal anatomy before covering pathology. Most images are bread-and-butter, classic presentations of cases that would be used to teach radiology residents at their earlier stages. The images are comprehensively annotated, and the vast majority are accurately so. This reviewer found some errors in image captions, mostly confined to the more advanced imaging modalities.

The section on ultrasound is the book’s best, likely reflecting the interests of …

Biological Approaches to Spinal Disc Repair and Regeneration for Clinicians

Härtl R, Bonassar LJ. Biological Approaches to Spinal Disc Repair and Regeneration for Clinicians. Thieme; 2017; 216 pp; 94 ill; $149.99

Cover of Härtl

The book Biological Approaches to Spinal Disc Repair and Regeneration for Clinicians is an inclusive review of the anatomy and pathology of the spinal disc, as well as the treatment modalities and strategies for the various pathologies affecting intervertebral discs. The book is authored by a diverse group including orthopedic and neurologic surgeons, biomechanics engineers, and basic scientists studying musculoskeletal regeneration and neuromodulation.

This publication is divided into 4 major partitions, including 21 different chapters. The first partition of the book is entitled Basics and comprises 4 chapters that discuss the anatomy and physiology of normal spinal discs, the pathophysiology of disc degeneration, as well as the imaging and biomechanics of these structures. While this part of the book involves an exhaustive anatomic, biomechanic, and even biochemical review of the topic, the only part that is relevant to the neuroradiologist is the third chapter dealing with the imaging of both healthy and diseased intervertebral discs. However, while this particular chapter involves a good general review of the topic, it is mostly useful for clinicians at the training level—be it residents or fellows. On the other hand, this chapter lacks the depth and profundity that would make it of significant value for a seasoned neuroradiologist.

The second major partition of the book, entitled Experimental Techniques, is composed of 4 chapters that discuss the differences between human discs and their counterparts in animal models, the grading scales for disc pathology, in vitro approaches to disc regeneration, and whole organ cultures of spinal discs. The 1 chapter within this part that may be of some relevance to neuroradiologists is the one addressing the radiologic grading systems of degenerating intervertebral discs. …

Interdisciplinary Management of Orbital Diseases: Textbook and Atlas

Welkoborsky H-J, Wiechens B, Hinni ML. Interdisciplinary Management of Orbital Diseases: Textbook and Atlas. Thieme; 2017; 354 pp; 689 ill; $169.99

Interdisciplinary Management of Orbital Diseases--Welkoborsky et al

Although written with ophthalmologists in mind, this beautifully illustrated and practical textbook, Interdisciplinary Management of Orbital Diseases, edited by Drs. Welkoborsky, Wiechens, and Hinni, has information to offer to neuroradiologists, particularly those who deal with a large volume of imaging of orbital disease. It is not the 20-page chapter on orbital imaging that would make this book appealing to our specialty (this specific material is covered more extensively in radiology texts); rather, it is the wealth of clinical material, patient photographs, histopathology, ophthalmoscopic images, genetics, and in some cases treatment including operative photographs, that could be of value.

This 340-page hardcover book covers orbital anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical examination, imaging, eye/eyelid disease, orbital complications from diseases primarily outside the orbit, endocrine disease, trauma, pathology, tumors (of the orbit and skull base), surgery, radiotherapy, and reconstructive orbital surgery.

This book can be recommended to your ophthalmology colleagues but is not considered a primary purchase for a radiologist.…