Book Reviews

Neuroimaging Clinics of North America: Update on Temporal Bone Imaging with Emphasis on Clinical and Surgical Perspectives

Moonis G, Juliano AF, Mukherji S. Neuroimaging Clinics of North America: Update on Temporal Bone Imaging with Emphasis on Clinical and Surgical Perspectives; Elselvier; 2019; 202 pp; $397.00.

The February 2019 edition of the Neuroimaging Clinics discusses one of the most detailed areas of neuroradiology — temporal bone imaging. Edited by Drs. Moonis and Juliano, Update on Temporal Bone Imaging with an Emphasis on Clinical and Surgical Perspectives consists of the following 13 chapters:

  • Inflammation
  • Meniere Disease
  • Ostosclerosis
  • Tinnitus
  • Third Window
  • Arterial Abnormalities
  • Pediatric Hearing Loss
  • Syndromic Temporal Bone Abnormalities
  • Temporal Bone Trauma
  • Management of Vestibelar Schwannomas
  • Otologic Surgical Procedures
  • Advanced MR Imaging

Thirty authors have contributed to this 200 page issue. Throughout the text there is an attempt to correlate — as well as possible — important clinical and surgical aspects of the topic under consideration. For example: audiograms of a number of abnormalities, tables for clinical classification of hearing loss, diagrams of aberrant arterial connections, sound conduction diagrams in normal and abnormal situations. The imaging quality is excellent throughout the book and the chapters are formatted in a similar manner.

This edition starts with a chapter on inflammation and it is particularly well done with an abundance of illustrations, tables, and well-outlined and described entities. Because of the myriad inflammatory diseases that affect the temporal bone, close attention to this material is appropriate, considering neuroradiologists’ daily evaluation of this area.

Updates on topics less frequently encountered include Meniere Disease and Third Window Lesions; however, the other topics are also important and well designed. Again, what is nice about this volume in general are the clinical correlations. In the trauma chapter, for example, many facts are emphasized and illustrated (like otic capsule involvement or sparing), the mechanism of force to cause these, and the otologic consequences. Side by …

Surgical Anatomy of the Lumbar Plexus

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Hanna AS, et al. Surgical Anatomy of the Lumbar Plexus; Thieme; 2018; 220 pp; 130 ill; $99.99.

Surgical Anatomy of the Lumbar Plexus, edited by a chief science officer, a chair of a department of anatomical sciences, and 2 neurosurgeons provides a nice mix of editors for a book on this topic. There are a variety of disciplines represented by 43 contributors — the overwhelming majority of whom are in anatomical departments comprised of both PhDs and MDs. There are also contributions from neurosurgeons, neurologists, internists, a molecular medicine specialist, anesthesiologists, general surgeons, oral maxillofacial surgeons, and 4 radiologists; there is also 1 short chapter dedicated to diagnostic imaging.

This book is organized by 27 chapters:

  • An overview of the lumbar plexus
  • Subcostal nerve
  • Iliohypogastric nerve
  • Ilioinguinal nerve
  • Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
  • Genitofemoral nerve
  • Femoral nerve
  • Obturator nerve
  • Furcal nerve
  • Accessory obturator nerve
  • Variations of the lumbar plexus
  • High-Resolution magnetic resonance neurography of the lumbar plexus
  • Lesions involving the lumbar plexus
  • Injury to the lumbar plexus following lateral lumbar spine fusion procedures
  • Lumbar plexus anatomy with application to lateral approaches to the lumbar spine
  • The subcostal nerve during lateral approaches to the lumbar spine
  • Surgical techniques for approaching the lumbar plexus
  • Nerve root anomalies with application to the lumbar plexus
  • Lumbar dorsal root ganglia
  • History of the dermatomes with focus on the contributions from the lumbar plexus
  • Dermatomes and the lumbar plexus
  • Anesthetic blockade of the femoral nerve
  • Anesthetic blockade of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
  • Anesthetic blockade of the iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, and genitofemoral nerves
  • Microanatomy of the lumbar plexus
  • Surgical anatomy of the lumbar plexus with emphasis on landmarks and Comparative anatomy of the lumbar plexus

The sections within each chapter are not arranged in a consistent fashion, even among those that focus on …

RadCases Plus Q&A Thoracic Imaging

Restrepo CS, Zangan SM. RadCases Plus Q&A Thoracic Imaging; Thieme;2018;260 pp;550 ill.;$69.99.

RadCases Plus Q&A Thoracic Imaging offers a case-based, minimalist review of thoracic imaging covering the necessary thoracic basics for radiologists at all levels of training. This updated version brings more detail, as well as opportunity, for exam preparation with a newly added question bank. Beyond that, the book offers the expected formula which has made it a popular, go-to source for radiologists and radiologists in training.

This second edition offers several welcome changes. The most appreciated change is the inclusion of a greater variety of imaging modalities for some cases when compared to the prior. Several cases have added plain film accompaniment to CT images or vice versa. Offering these correlates increases the utility of this book as a tool to improve a radiologist’s skills at the workstation rather than only practicing test taking skills. Room for improvement remains in image size and contrast. Subtle findings require high levels of lighting or prolonged close inspection, as the small images often reach the limits of the printed resolution, especially for nuanced interstitial patterns.

Additionally, the printing method seems to diminish contrast which is most often apparent on the plain films where it is common to only see findings once they have been pointed out on the subsequent page. Interestingly, some of the image labels [arrows] have been revised for this version; simplified in some cases or completely reworked in others. These changes may or may not be an improvement, but the presence of these annotations is once again appreciated.

Another area of update includes the case explanations. Overall, the book offers the most salient points of each pathology for a given case including concise description of common imaging findings. The cases are reviewed in three sections following the …

Ultrasound of the Hand and Upper Extremity: A Step-by-Step Guide

common upper extremity conditionsFowler JR, Rawool NM. Ultrasound of the Hand and Upper Extremity: A Step-by-Step Guide; Thieme;2017;202 pp;340 ill.;$129.99.

Ultrasound of the Hand and Upper Extremity: A Step-by-Step Guide is a well-organized, concise text geared toward “hand surgeons and the radiologists who work with them.” It is designed as a quick reference to guide the reader through the ultrasound-assisted diagnosis and treatment of common upper extremity conditions and is organized into 5 sections:

  • Introduction – Covers the basic tents of musculoskeletal ultrasound
  • Fingers and Wrist
  • Forearm and Elbow
  • Shoulder
  • Masses

Sixteen short chapters are covered within these sections and include topics such as trigger finger, carpal tunnel, lateral epicondylitis, and ultrasound-guided shoulder injections. Each chapter progresses from patient and probe positioning, to normal anatomy, to the sonographic appearance of pathology and ultrasound-guided injection. The content of each chapter is presented in bullet-point format with photographs, labeled sonograms, and illustrations on nearly every page. In addition, 13 accompanying videos are available online and provide examples of ultrasound scanning and dynamic evaluations.

This book effectively accomplishes its goal of being a step-by-step guide for the practicing clinician. It has a cookbook-like approach, with instructional text presented alongside photographs, demonstrating probe-placement and corresponding sonograms, which enables the reader to progress from positioning, scanning, and injection in just a few pages. The anatomic structures depicted are clearly marked and the legends are easy to read. A brief overview of the normal and pathologic anatomy is also presented in each chapter. While these anatomic sections provide a good synopsis, they are best suited as a review for the reader who has additional background experience with ultrasound of the upper extremity. Likewise, while some injection technique descriptions provide guidance for needle and injectate selection, familiarity with musculoskeletal injections for the upper extremity is needed beyond this text. The …

RadCases Plus Q&A: Neuro Imaging, 2nd Edition

neuro imagingRiascos RF, Bonfante E, Calle S. RadCases Plus Q&A: Neuro Imaging, 2nd Edition;Thieme; 2018;264 pp;776 ill;$69.99

The 2nd edition of “Neuro Imaging” contains 100 cases, all of which could be considered radiographic classics. Edited by Drs. Riascos, Bonfante, and Calle (all from the University of Texas, Houston), the cases are well chosen. Along with the information that accompanies them (Differential Diagnosis, Essential Facts, Other Imaging Findings, Pearls and Pitfalls), each case prepares the reader (resident/fellow/attending) for any possible exam, such as a core or re-certifying exam.

The material concentrates on brain and spine imaging – both pediatric and adult. However, the lack of head and neck imaging (that is, after all, part neuro imaging in most practices) is an omission which should rectified in future additions.

There are 2 issues in the routine evaluation of neuro imaging; one is knowing the diagnosis or differential diagnosis of a classic presentation, while the other is identifying subtle abnormalities. This book, along with other publications in this genre, do not get involved in the latter issue. Since there are many websites where one can test oneself, the utility of quiz books as represented by this publication have become less important over time. However, hopefully one day someone will create a digital quiz with multiple images to choose between (for the same patient) where the challenge would be to find the abnormality, as opposed to suggesting a diagnosis of an obvious abnormality.

This book includes a supplementary section in which 2 follow-up questions are asked for each of the cases shown (200 questions total). There are some less common cases which are well demonstrated; examples include CLIPPERS, HOA, Duret hemorrhage alar/transverse ligament injury, PML in IRIS and non-IRIS situations, hepatic encephalopathy, radiation necrosis, and post seizure MTT/perfusion.

The images chosen are adequate teaching …

Top 3 Differentials in Radiology: A Case Review

Top 3 Differentials in RadiologyO’Brien WT. Top 3 Differentials in Radiology: A Case Review;Thieme;2018; 720 pp; 825 ill; $129.99

The 2nd edition of Top 3 Differentials in Radiology is a collation of 330 cases spread among all the subspecialty areas in radiology, such as:

  • Chest/Cardiac
  • GI
  • GU
  • MSK
  • Head and Neck
  • Brain/Spine
  • Pediatric (including fetal, ultrasound)
  • IR
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Breast

The final chapter, entitled Roentgen Classic has 25 cases and is edited by Dr. William O’Brien (from the University of Cincinnati) and has contributions from 65 others radiologists.

Each case is shown with representation images and a brief history. Before continuing, one should proffer a diagnosis. Then, on the following page, one sees the top 3 diagnoses; which fit the imaging and have a description of each diagnosis. Often, there may be more than 3 diagnoses, with a few more differentials listed; however, the less likely diagnoses are mentioned with a brief explanation.

This would be an excellent book to have for review by house staff, but also for attending radiologists who may be involved in interpreting studies in different areas of radiology.…

AOSpine Masters Series: Volume 10, Spinal Infections

AOSpine Masters Series, Volume 10 Spinal Infections--Luiz Roberto VialleVialle LR, Rajasekaran S, Kanna RM, et al. AOSpine Masters Series: Volume 10, Spinal Infections; Thieme;2018; 202 pp; 86 ill; $119.99.

AOSpine Master Series: Volume 10, Spinal Infections
, is part of a book series that focuses on the management of patients with spinal infections. Designed as an instructional review book for those training in either orthopedic or neurosurgery, it is also a reference for currently practicing spine surgeons, and offers a comprehensive review of spinal infections. Not only is this book applicable to those in the fields of orthopedics and neurosurgery, but portions of the book are well suited for those in the field of radiology, particularly those with a special interest in musculoskeletal or neuroradiology.

The book is organized into 18 chapters, with each chapter broken down into multiple sections including, but not limited to, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, anatomy, and imaging. The chapters are concise, to the point, and well organized. At the end of each chapter is a brief chapter summary, as well as a highlighted “pearls and pitfalls” section. Included with each chapter are a list of references. For the physician-in-training, the organization of the book provides the reader an easy-to-follow approach for gaining a basic understanding of the material. When used as a reference, the organizational structure allows the reader to quickly identify the section relative to the area of interest.

Most relevant to the field of radiology are the numerous images throughout the book. Included in the book are images from multiple modalities including XRAY, MRI, CT scan, and PET scan. For studies such as MRI, the book generally includes studies done with multiple techniques such as T1, T2, and STIR imaging. These images are of high quality and clearly labeled. While the images and their captions for the most part are not …

Otolaryngology Cases: The University of Cincinnati Clinical Portfolio, Second Edition

Pensak ML, Hart CK, Patil YJ. Otolaryngology Cases: The University of Cincinnati Clinical Portfolio, Second Edition. Thieme; 2018; 438 pp; 137 ill; $99.99.

Otolaryngology CasesThis book was edited by 3 surgeons in the Department of Otolaryngology at the University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center. In addition to the editors who are also listed as contributors to this book, there are 49 other contributors, none of whom are radiologists or imaging specialists. There are 15 sections and 100 chapters covering common adult and pediatric clinical scenarios. The 15 sections of this text are primarily grouped by anatomic region or subspecialty, including:

  • Pediatric otology
  • Adult otology
  • Neurotology
  • Skull base
  • Facial nerve
  • The oral cavity
  • Pharynx
  • Larynx
  • Thyroi
  • Salivary gland
  • Skin
  • Rhinology
  • General otolaryngology
  • Sleep
  • Pediatric otolaryngology
  • Trauma
  • Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery.

Within each section are chapters that begin with a patient-based clinical scenario with inclusion of relevant history and physical exam findings. This is followed by a differential diagnosis, typically with a brief description of the clinical characteristics of these entities, a discussion of diagnostic tests obtained, and/or what will help narrow the differential diagnosis, a statement of the diagnosis, a description of the medical and/or surgical management, rehabilitation and follow-up, a set of self-assessment questions with answers, and lastly, a list of suggested readings.

The chapters contain relevant and important information that will help with the evaluation and management of patients presenting with the conditions discussed. The prose is short, to the point, and there are few cross sectional images included in the book. This is particularly surprising and relevant, given the tremendous value imaging has for the majority of the conditions presented. However, there is discussion of the most appropriate tests to order, given the specifics of each case. On occasion, the images included contain descriptions without arrows, references …

Clinical Pathways in Neuro-Ophthalmology: An Evidence-Based Approach, 3rd Edition

Smith SV, Lee AG, Brazis PW. Clinical Pathways in Neuro-Ophthalmology: An Evidence-Based Approach, 3rd Edition; Thieme; 2018; 316 pp; 32 ill; $149.99.

neuro-opthalmologyThis highly informative book (316 pages), edited by Drs. Smith, Lee and Brazis, is written in an engaging manner because it poses questions that one would normally ask regarding a specific disease or entity. Each question is answered fully and follow-up questions are asked. The material also addresses a number of issues which arise in the daily practice of neuroradiology.

Twenty chapters survey the field of neuro-ophthalmology, and most intersect nicely with points often raised in consultation with neurologists, ophthalmologists, or in the education of house staff. Of the 20 chapters, most topics would be of interest to neuroradiologists, including:

  • Various cranial nerve palsies (3rd, 4th, 6th)
  • Papilledema, especially IIH (pseudo tumor)
  • Traumatic optic neuropathy
  • Optic neuritis
  • VF defects
  • Thyroid Eye Disease

There is no imaging included, so this is a textbook which features abundant discussions in a Socratic manner. Tables and charts abound with large differential diagnosis lists.

If your practice is associated with a large eye hospital that offers a substantial neuro-ophthalmology service, this would be a reasonable library purchase.…

Thyroid and Parathyroid Disease: Medical and Surgical Management

thyroid and parathyroid diseaseTerris DJ, Duke WS. Thyroid and Parathyroid Disease: Medical and Surgical Management; Thieme; 2018; $169.99.

Although written primarily for surgeons and internists who deal with endocrine disorders, this 280-page book covers all aspects of thyroid and parathyroid disease. Edited by two head and neck surgeons (Drs. Terris and Duke) it features 33 chapters authored/co-authored by 58 contributors (no radiologists contributed).

The material is logically divided into multiple sections: anatomy, pathology, and physiology of this region: thyroid disease; surgery of thyroid disease; parathyroid disease; surgery of parathyroid disease; special topics (complications of surgery, intraoperative nerve monitoring, office based US, outpatient surgery). Since the book is constructed in this manner, it allows insight into modern surgical approach to the thyroid and parathyroid abnormalities.

For radiologists, this book holds value in reviewing the pathology of various disorders (benign, malignant, inflammatory) and surgical considerations relative to surrounding structures. By its nature, the imaging components of the book are not robust but the imaging (predominately US and CT) are worth reviewing. The evaluation of single thyroid nodules is covered in a couple of chapters and there is a discussion of the various features which should alert one to pursue further work up. In general, the book is well written, the illustrations are excellent, and the imaging examples are well chosen.

However, tighter editing would have been helpful – for example in one table where the authors are listing US characteristics of thyroid nodules, they mention “course” calcification; clearly they meant to say “coarse” calcification. Additionally, minor inconsistencies are observed in the legends for some of the imaging, but the descriptions, although not extensive, are in general accurate. This book offers insight on issues facing surgeons and clinicians who deal with a range of thyroid and parathyroid lesions.…