Book Reviews

Color Atlas of Endo-Otoscopy Examination-Diagnosis-Treatment

Sanno M, Russo A, Caruso A, et al. Color Atlas of Endo-Otoscopy Examination-Diagnosis-Treatment;Thieme 2017; 348 pp; 1,007 ill; $109.99.

Endo-OtoscopyIn this first edition text, the authors have assembled an image-rich reference of the various manifestations of both common and rare pathologies of the external auditory canal, middle ear, and temporal bone. While the undoubted focus of the book remains the otoscopic evaluation of these entities, many of the otoscopic photographs are complemented with radiologic images, thereby including radiologists as potential beneficiaries of this work, in addition to the otolaryngologists, pediatricians, and audiologists who will all assuredly solidify their otoscopic examination.

The book is divided into 14 chapters, and generally follows a progression from superficial to deep, with early chapters devoted to diseases of the external ear and middle ear, with middle chapters focused on cholesteatomas, and the later chapters addressing rare lesions of the temporal bone and skull base.

Unsurprisingly, with over 1,000 images throughout this work, a majority of each chapter is devoted to showcasing the high-resolution otoscopic pictures, and when relevant, accompanying radiologic cross sectional images. All images are independently captioned, though many of the radiologic images require reading the preceding passage of text to acquire full understanding. All chapters offer a brief discussion on surgical management of these conditions as well, often with accompanying postoperative images. The book is concluded with a generous references section. Chapters 1 and 2 offer a brief description of otoscopic technique as well as a short discussion on the normal appearance of the tympanic membrane, and are of little relevance to the radiologist.

Chapter 3 focuses on various disease entities of the external auditory canal, ranging from otitis externa and myringitis, to mass lesions such as EAC cholesteatoma, as well as uncommon tumors that may involve this site. While a representative …

Spine Essentials Handbook: A Bulleted Review of Anatomy, Evaluation, Imaging, Tests, and Procedures

Singh K. Spine Essentials Handbook: A Bulleted Review of Anatomy, Evaluation, Imaging, Tests, and Procedures; Thieme 2019; 262 pp; 165 ill; $79.99.

This handbook provides general and basic clinical information related to the spinal axis. For neuroradiologists who wish to review clinical signs, muscular/ligamentous anatomy, plexal composition both brachial and lumbosacral, this would be a handy reference.

Also outlined are commonly used radiographic measurements, many of which spine surgeons use frequently, but ones which radiologists often times do not measure; such as balance lines or pelvic tilt. However, this is not a publication which deals with spine imaging in any significant way. In fact, 1 noteworthy figure (10.2), an oblique radiograph of the cervical spine, is described as a T1 MRI axial (this makes one concerned about accuracies elsewhere).

By and large, this is a potentially useful handbook which can serve as a quick, basic reference to spinal/paranasal anatomy and the associated clinical issues.…

Handbook of Pediatric Neurosurgery

Jallo GI, Kothbauer KF, Recinos VM. Handbook of Pediatric Neurosurgery;Thieme 2018; 556 pp; 275 ill; $ 124.99.

Handbook of Pediatric Neurosurgery is a concise and practical pediatric neurosurgery textbook detailing the management of various pediatric neurosurgical disorders encountered in clinical practice. The primary author of this book is Dr. George Jallo, an internationally renowned pediatric neurosurgeon, with invaluable contributions from more than 80 national and international subspecialists in neurosurgery and other related fields.

The book has been nicely divided into 11 sections. It starts with an introduction dealing with critical care and pain management followed by a chapter outlining various imaging techniques when dealing with pediatric neurosurgery disorders. The next few sections cover specific disorders, including tumors, cerebrovascular disorders and vascular malformations in both the brain and the spine. There is an extensive review of congenital and developmental cranial and spinal anomalies as well as pediatric trauma and infection, involving the entire neural axis. There is an entire section dedicated to the understanding and surgical management of childhood epilepsy.  The book concludes with a review on neuronavigation in pediatric neurosurgery.

The highlights of this book are many. Many of the chapters conclude with an informative subsection, which deals with “common clinical questions” followed by “answers to the common clinical questions,” highlighting the wealth of experience of the various authors.  There are more than 275 excellent illustrations, intraoperative pictures as well as radiological images throughout the book.

Overall, this is an excellent textbook by expert pediatric neurosurgeons and other subspecialists who describe surgical procedures involved in the management of various pediatric neurosurgical disorders with an emphasis on certain operative techniques useful during surgery. The strategies and pearls gained from decades of experience provide an invaluable resource to young neurosurgeons learning the art of neurosurgery. This is by no means a comprehensive …

Pocketbook of Clinical IR: A Concise Guide to Interventional Radiology

Warhadpande S, Lionberg A, Cooper KJ. Pocketbook of Clinical IR: A Concise Guide to Interventional Radiology;Thieme 2019; 240 pp; 165 ill; $54.99.

This short 240-page soft-cover handbook on interventional radiology (IR), written with residents, fellows, and younger attendings in mind, has only a small portion devoted to neuro IR (16 pages), which appears at the very end of the book. Topics specifically covered are:

  • Ischemic stroke
  • Carotid artery stenosis
  • Cerebral aneurysms
  • AVMs
  • Bleeds of the head and neck
  • VB compressive fractures

This is a short, valuable resource for a general radiology library or as a personal copy for those engaged in a significant IR volume.…

Rhoton’s Atlas of Head, Neck, and Brain: 2D and 3D Images

Peris-Celda M; Martinez-Soriano F; Rhoton AL. Rhoton’s Atlas of Head, Neck, and Brain: 2D and 3D Images;Thieme 2017; 648 pp; 624 ill; $ 299.99.

Rhoton’s Atlas of Head, Neck, and Brain represents some of the finest work of the late Dr. Albert L. Rhoton, an extraordinary neurosurgeon, anatomist, and teacher. It is perhaps no surprise then, that this work includes some of the highest quality anatomical dissections of the head, neck, and brain, presented here in exquisite detail.

The book is entirely made of labeled and annotated photographs of cadaveric dissections. Labeled photographs are presented at various depths through the specimen and are typically oriented in classic anterior-posterior, lateral, or top-down views which correlate well with standard radiographical images. The remainder of the dissections are presented in the views that would be obtained during classic surgical approaches.

The organization of the book is intuitive, with bony anatomy, the face and neck, interior structures (ear, nose, pharynx, larynx, orbit), and cranial anatomy presented separately. The sections are further divided into detailed exposures of substructures, often presented in multiple views. Interspersed among the sections devoted to specific entities are views designed to match surgical approaches with specific attention paid to endoscopic views to the cerebral ventricular system and endonasal approach to the anterior skull base. Thus, while the level of detail and sectioning through the cadavers at various depths is appropriate for the most sophisticated anatomists, the overall layout and apparent intention is to aid the surgeon. Some impressive examples include the surgical view during endonasal approaches to the anterior skull base, and midline posterior fossa approaches.

The level of detail is impressive, and the quality of the photographs and cadaveric specimens is spectacular. Even minor nerve branches are often labeled and the relationship of vascular structures with adjacent entities is …

Pediatric Otolaryngology: Practical Clinical Management

Clarke RW. Pediatric Otolaryngology: Practical Clinical Management;Thieme 2018;416 pp; 454 ill; $149.99.

A large number of pediatric visits, particularly in the emergency room are due to Otolaryngologic disorders. Pediatric Otolarngology: Practical Clinical Management is a comprehensive textbook that deals with the clinical management of practically every problem, from the simplest to the most complex, in the pediatric head, neck, and ear. The book is edited by Dr. R. W. Clarke, a renowned pediatric otolaryngologist in the UK, with contributions from more than 30 other distinguished co-authors in the same field from various countries. Many of the authors participate in the British Pediatric Otolaryngology course held annually. Thus, the reader is assured of accurate information and provided with advanced clinical guidance from a large team of international specialists from around the world.

The text is subdivided into 6 parts. It begins with an introduction to pediatric otolaryngology with some nuances of dealing with the pediatric patient during the clinical visit in the office and/or the pediatric ER as well as some important aspects to be aware of when dealing with pediatric anesthesia and the peri operative care of children. Part 2 is exclusively devoted to disorders of the external, middle and inner ear, with special chapters dealing with the relatively common but complex problems of cholesteatoma and facial palsy. One of the highlights of this book is the comprehensive coverage of topics, which are unique to children. This is evident in Part 3 that is entirely dedicated to the clinical and surgical management of the hearing-impaired child.
The remaining divisions of the book deal with nasal and sinus disorders, including airway obstruction in children, congenital and acquired disorders of the larynx, and issues related to the management of tracheostomy and its complications. Pediatric head and neck disorders are dealt with …

Endoscopic Approaches to the Paranasal Sinuses and Skull Base: A Step-by-Step Anatomic Dissection Guide

Bernal-Sprekelsen M; Alobi I; Ensenat J; et al. Endoscopic Approaches to the Paranasal Sinuses and Skull Base: A Step-by-Step Anatomic Dissection Guide;Thieme 2017; 434 pp; 930 ill; $159.99.

In the textbook “Endoscopic Approaches to the Paranasal Sinuses and Skull Base,” the editors present an in depth reference text that covers all of the current concepts regarding endoscopic surgery of the paranasal sinuses and skull base, including endoscopic anatomy and surgical landmarks, preoperative and postoperative diagnosis, instrumentation, anaesthesia, and patient positioning.

The book starts with an overview of the basic sinonasal surgical anatomy and techniques, and then progresses in a step-wise manner to more advanced endoscopic sinonasal procedures and skull base approaches. Each chapter focuses on the indications for the specific endoscopic surgical procedure, critical surgical anatomical landmarks for that approach, details on the surgical technique in a step-by-step fashion, potential complications, and “tips and tricks” (pearls) for the reader.

The endoscopic skull base procedure sections are organized by anatomical area; including anterior skull base, middle cranial fossa, posterior cranial fossa and craniovertebral junction, infratemporal fossa, and the nasopharynx/parapharyngeal space. At the end of the book there are also chapters that cover combined (endoscopically-assisted) external approaches to the skull base, as well as common skull base defect reconstructive techniques that may be seen by neuroradiologists on postoperative skull base scans.

The chapters are well organized in an easy to read format, with over 900 high definition endoscopic and graphic color illustrations, which are clearly labeled, but may be more difficult to understand if one is a not an endoscopic sinonasal or skull base surgeon. Another minor drawback is the lack illustrative video dissections and/or surgical case videos to highlight common surgical approaches. However, there are many high quality and well-labeled endoscopic figures from latex-fixed cadaveric endoscopic dissections, showing the skull …

Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the Spine, 2nd Edition

Jallo J, Vaccaro A. Neurotrauma and Critical Care of the Spine, 2nd Edition;Thieme 2018; 238 pp; 77 ill; $179.99.

In this second edition text, Drs. Jallo and Vaccaro have prepared a clinically practical reference for those involved with the acute management of spine injuries. Drawing on the expertise of over 60 collaborators, this book succeeds in being able to present a wealth of information into a relatively concise, clinically relevant text. Aiding this pursuit, over 75 high quality illustrations are included to help solidify various concepts, particularly in regards to the myriad of vertebral injury classification schema.

This work is spread out over 22 chapters and broadly sectioned into 5 parts:

  • Introduction
  • Science
  • Management
  • Critical Care
  • Outcome

All chapters are concluded with a generous references section. Following the introduction that touches on the epidemiology of spine injuries, the science section (chapters 2 -7) delves into various topics that are of diagnostic relevance. As a neuroradiologist, I found this section most applicable to my work.

Chapter 4 ambitiously tackles the numerous spinal trauma classification systems. The various types of vertebral column injuries are systematically presented, with a strong emphasis on the ability of each system to predict stability of a fracture. Clear illustrations further serve to clarify these systems.

Chapter 5 is the only chapter specifically devoted to the imaging of the traumatic spine, with a majority of the chapter discussing the imaging features of common vertebral column injury patterns. Both novices and experts will likely solidify their understating of these imaging features. While the chapter benefits from several high quality radiographs, I would have liked to see more cross sectional images, as CT and MRI are the mainstay of spine imaging at our trauma center.

Chapter 6 is an enlightening dive into the biomechanics of the spine, and I …

Nuclear Medicine Board Review: Questions and Answers for Self-Assessment, 4th Ed.

Goldfarb CR, Parmett SR, Zuckier LS, et al. Nuclear Medicine Board Review: Questions and Answers for Self-Assessment, 4th Ed;Thieme;2018;373 pp; 162 ill;$69.99

Nuclear Medicine Board Review: Questions and Answers for Self-Assessment is the 4th edition of this comprehensive board review book incorporating many key advances in the field of nuclear medicine since the last edition which was published in 2012.

Authored by C. Richard Goldfarb and a team of expert colleagues from the United States and Canada, this book is written in a question-and-answer format with 2,250 multiple choice, true/false, or matching test questions and their corresponding answers in two separate columns, listed side-by-side. The design allows the reader to hold a piece of paper over the answer column and reveal one answer at a time in order to simulate an actual exam. The authors state that this interactive format is designed to speed assimilation of relevant information and enhance retention. The content is high yield and well-organized for board review purposes.

This concise manual is divided into four parts. Part 1, “Essentials of Nuclear Medicine,” consists of 4 chapters including radionuclides and radiopharmaceuticals, instrumentation, quality control, and radiation safety and legal requirements. Part 2, “Single Photon Applications,” is comprised of 8 chapters focusing on planar and SPECT imaging including musculoskeletal, cardiac, central nervous system, thyroid and endocrine system, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, infection, inflammation and oncology, and pulmonary. Part 3 is dedicated to PET/CT and is divided into 11 chapters discussing the basics of PET and CT physics, breast cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, genitourinary, lymphoma, head and neck cancer, thyroid cancer, neuro, and miscellaneous. Part 4 encompasses the diverse area of radionuclide therapy.”

Nearly 200 images are incorporated into the various chapters, providing opportunities for visual recognition and search pattern deduction. Although the image quality is decent, some of the images …

Research Methods in Radiology: A Practical Guide

Doria AS; Tomlinson G; Beyene J, et al. Research Methods in Radiology: A Practical Guide; Thieme;2018;328 pp; 114 ill;$99.99.

The statistical analysis of study data is often a kind of a “black box” for those of us without much formal training in biostatistics or epidemiology. We take the statistical validity of published data for granted, and focus on how the results will impact our clinical practice. The critical reader will seek to identify potential flaws in the study design, or in the implications of the results, but the appropriateness of statistical tests performed are generally accepted prima facie.

Faith in rigorous peer review notwithstanding, some familiarity with the more frequently performed statistical tests fosters a deeper understanding of a study. Unfortunately, medical school, residency, and fellowship curricula infrequently dedicate formal instruction time to this vitally important facet of training, and few resources are devoted to the specific kinds of study designs and statistical analyses that commonly arise in imaging studies.

This shortcoming is where Research Methods in Radiology: A Practical Guide aims to step into the breach. Written by a team of radiologists and statisticians from the University of Toronto and McMaster University, this approximately 300-page volume is packed with well-organized concepts focused on the types of issues in research design, data analysis, and publishing that are most pertinent to our field. This makes it a valuable resource for students and residents who are looking to better understand the literature or prepare a manuscript draft of their own, and a particularly useful text for fellows or junior faculty by emphasizing sound research design principles and explaining the statistics appropriate for answering well-formulated research questions.

The book begins with an overview of research designs, with topics including cross-sectional, case-control, retrospective and prospective cohort, and randomized-controlled studies. It follows with chapters …