Full Reviews

Temporal Bone Dissection Guide, 2nd Edition

Francis HW, Niparko JK. Temporal Bone Dissection Guide. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 96 pp; 165 ill; $89.99

Francis and Niparko cover

The second edition of Temporal Bone Dissection Guide provides an excellent foundation for mastering temporal bone anatomy as well as otologic and neurotologic surgical procedures through a well-organized presentation of essential temporal bone anatomy and its clinical application in temporal bone surgery. The authors’ systematic approach to the presentation of the material parallels the progression of knowledge acquisition and skill development among otolaryngology residents and neurotology fellows-in-training. Following a well-emphasized discussion on the proper use of the operating microscope and otologic instruments, including suction/irrigation and high-speed drills, the authors describe temporal bone surface anatomy and the fundamentals of performing a successful and safe mastoidectomy before proceeding to discuss deeper, more complex anatomic features and mastery of anatomic landmarks in lateral skull base procedures. The second edition has also added a section on endoscopic middle ear dissection, which has become an essential component in mastering otologic surgical technique. Furthermore, this edition has expanded the description of techniques for infratemporal and extended middle fossa dissection.

The text of the dissection manual provides easy-to-follow, fundamental information that is supplemented with well-labeled illustrations, histologic slides, and radiographic images, as well as current references with suggested reading. Furthermore, included with the purchase of the dissection manual is access to online videos of cadaveric and intraoperative temporal bone dissection with narration by the contributing authors. A potential limitation of the manual is that it does not provide images of cadaveric or intraoperative temporal bone dissection, which could help readers further hone their understanding of the complex 3D anatomy.

The accurate and concise information presented in the dissection manual reflects the cumulative surgical and teaching experience of the contributing authors. Although several temporal bone dissection manuals have been published …

Complications in Vascular Interventional Therapy: Case-Based Solutions

Mueller-Huelsbeck S, Jahnke T. Complications in Vascular Interventional Therapy: Case-Based Solutions. Thieme; 2016; 280 pp; 540 ill; $159.99

Mueller-Huelsbeck and Jahnke cover

Steve Harvey, the entertainer who mistakenly crowned the wrong woman as Miss Universe 2015, once said, “Failure is a great teacher, and I think when you make mistakes and you recover from them and you treat them as valuable learning experiences, then you’ve got something to share.” While mistakes in medicine are never as laughable as his, this quote underscores one of the most powerful teachers in medicine: mistakes. Winston Churchill said, “All men make mistakes, but only wise men learn from their mistakes.” While local morbidity and mortality conferences allow groups to learn from one individual’s mistakes, fear of legal action or professional embarrassment engenders reticence to present and publish our own mistakes on a national or international stage. However, physicians everywhere know the value of learning from complications. For example, by popular demand, a local morbidity and mortality conference in Austria has morphed into a major international conference (International Conference on Complications in Interventional Radiology sponsored by the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Society of Europe, or CIRSE).

This book presents a total of 106 cases (illustrated with 540 images). Each case provides patient history, initial/intended treatment, problems encountered, a list of possible bailouts of the complication, an explanation of which route was chosen and how it was carried out, and finally, an analysis of the complication. What makes the cases such good learning experiences is the fact that, despite many awful-looking initial complications, only one of the patients died (but likely because of his underlying condition rather than the complication). Therefore, in reading this book, one can learn of the plethora of endovascular complications that exist, and hopefully learn how to prevent their occurrence, or at the very least, …

Neuroradiology: The Requisites, 4th Edition

Nadgir R, Yousem DM. Neuroradiology: The Requisites. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2017; 640 pp; 1200 ill; $109.99

Cover of Nadgir and Yousem

In the 4th edition (2017) of the remarkably successful Neuroradiology: The Requisites, Drs. Nadgir and Yousem offer a text that follows the same format and style as the 3rd edition (2010). Before even diving into the material itself, one immediately notices improvements (e.g., larger font size, higher-quality paper, and sharper image quality with many new images).

The 17 chapters have the same titles as before and, as is the custom these days, the book comes with a scratch off code, which allows the owner of the book to access the eBook. Only the chapter “Techniques in Neuroimaging” (included in the 3rd edition) has been dropped from this edition. The very first edition by Grossman and Yousem broke the mold of radiology textbooks, as it included humor in many places (some of which was very good). This prevented one from dozing off while reading the text and also allowed key information to stick. There is an attempt in the present edition to retain some of that, but there are fewer instances of a humorous touch.

If one book were to be recommend to all residents (and fellows) beginning their neuroradiology experience, this would be the one. As expected, much of the material displays classic findings which, of course, is the objective of this 630-page hardcover book. The chapters include information on cranial anatomy, brain neoplasms, vascular disease of the brain, head trauma, infections/inflammatory diseases of the brain, white matter disease, neurodegenerative disease and hydrocephalus, congenital anomalies of the CNS, orbit, sella and central skull base, temporal bone, sinonasal disease, mucosal and nodal disease of the head and neck, extramucosol disease of the head and neck, anatomy and degenerative disease of the spine, nondegenerative …

The Bobath Concept in Adult Neurology, 2nd Edition

Gjelsvik BB, Syre L. The Bobath Concept in Adult Neurology. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 296 pp; 203 ill; $84.99

Cover of Gjelsvik and Syre

The Bobath Concept of Adult Neurology, published in 2016, offers a fresh new look on an established subject. The text is highly factual, accurate, and well-written. I feel the book is a great teaching tool for physical therapy students, as well as a reference for established practitioners. The subject is more than adequately covered and the text is organized to continually bring concepts back to clinical relevance, which is helpful for all clinicians. Compared to a previously written text in 2009, this text seems to more often pull in clinical examples. While a valuable text for practioners of neurological rehabilitation, its relevance for the neuroradiology audience is lacking.

The Bobath Concept of Adult Neurology begins with relevant neuroanatomy, applied physiology, and consequences of damage to these systems in the CNS to the functioning of the human suffering such damage. Subsequent chapters then attempt to put such damage into clinical context. This begins with the discussion of normal human movement and then branches to abnormal movement as a consequence of the damage discussed earlier. The next section addresses the treatment of such dysfunction and thus the crux of the Bobath concept of rehabilitation. By creating the initial framework and then introducing the Bobath techniques, the text helps readers understand why the treatment may work intuitively, even without the evidence of placebo-controlled research. The next chapter presents the outcome measures affected by these treatments. Finally, the text ends with two specific case histories where the Bobath technique proved successful. At this point, the reader does find the cases plausible based on the data presented.

Ample figures, tables, and drawings are presented within the text. These are relevant, instructive, and labeled appropriately. …

Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Practical Guide

Runge VM. Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Practical Guide. Thieme; 2016; 160 pp; 711 ill; $79.99

Cover of Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease

In a short, easy-to-read, soft-covered book, “Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Practical Guide,” Dr. Runge has compiled all the key points in CVD imaging without going into elaborate and unnecessary details. The reader will come away understanding how to acquire and interpret vascular disease imaging, including stroke, vascular malformations, and aneurysms. By providing an initial chapter on MR and CT techniques, Dr. Runge lays a foundation for the 5 chapters that follow. Nice comparisons both technique-wise and with images at 1.5 T and 3.0T scanners are described and illustrated.

Dr. Runge has previously published material on MR physics and on contrast material in MR imaging, so the first chapter is a summary of his experience as it relates to CVD. It is important to start with the reading of this chapter, but one must have a basic knowledge of MR to fully appreciate this material. The material is not intended for someone trying to understand the fundamentals of MR imaging. There is less time spent on CT, in part due to the fact that there are fewer variables to manipulate or consider; nonetheless, the underpinning of CT in CVD is explained.

The chapters on normal anatomy and hemorrhage are short and adequately illustrated.

The chapter on ischemia is one that should be made available to new residents rotating through neuroradiology and all neuroradiology fellows. It will serve to emphasize the appearance and evolution of strokes, using different MR parameters and different strength MR systems. It is noteworthy that when describing and illustrating infarcts, there is a mention of the particular part of the brain involved. Such inclusion in any radiology report makes it more meaningful and helps with the anatomic/clinical correlations. Parameter maps …

The Chronic Ear

Dornhoffer JL, Gluth MB, eds. The Chronic Ear. Thieme; 2016; 368 pp; 472 ill; $179.99

Cover of The Chronic Ear

If you ever thought that imaging of ear diseases (middle ear in particular) is challenging, then wait until you read this book. The Chronic Ear details the breadth of pathophysiology, clinical approach, and surgical management of chronic ear pathology.

The book is divided into eight sections. Section 1, “The Fundamentals of Chronic Ear Disease,” is dedicated to the fundamental principles of anatomy and physiology of ear disease. Section 2 details the clinical evaluation and office management of chronic ear disease, while Section 3 is dedicated to the various surgical techniques. In all these 3 sections, the chapters are didactic, detailed, and easy to follow. The anatomy, histology, and pathophysiology is exhaustive yet written in simple language. The pictures are very illustrative and descriptive, and the image quality is excellent. The radiographic evaluation is included in Section 2. The chapter is only a few pages but covers the most important aspects of radiologic anatomy, preoperative diagnosis, post-operative evaluation/complications, and surveillance. The figures are representative and clearly labeled, and the captions are comprehensive.

Sections 3 through 7 are dedicated to various treatment/surgical options and are presented in a round-table approach. In contradistinction to the first 3 sections, the chapters in these sections are shorter and more practical. Each section starts with a one-paragraph overview/introduction describing the issue at hand. This is followed by small subsections and short chapter discussions of the issue that include real-life cases, technique descriptions, and standardized approaches to patient selection/management. It is obvious that the editors chose a broad-minded approach in presenting the diverse literature.

Section 8 describes “Special Topics and New Horizons in Surgery for Chronic Ear Disease”. This is a very interesting part of this book. It describes new techniques …

CT and MRI of the Whole Body, 2-Volume Set, 6th Edition

Haaga JR, Boll DT, eds. CT and MRI of the Whole Body. 6th ed. Elsevier; 2016; 2832 pp (including ill); $434.99

Haaga & Boll coverThe newest edition (6th) of CT and MRI of the Whole Body is a major publication in Diagnostic Radiology. Edited by Drs. John Haaga and Daniel Boll and co-authored by over 171 contributors, the book strives to be all-encompassing. Two volumes, with 2671 pages, cover the basic principles of CT and MR, neuroradiology (brain, spine, head/neck), chest, abdomen/pelvis, MSK, and image-guided procedures. The neuroradiology and abdomen/pelvis portions of the book compose nearly two-thirds of the material. While much of the information can be obtained from multiple other sources (books, review articles, imaging clinics, online information), it is beneficial to have this information under “one roof.” As is common in many publications these days, the book comes with a scratch-off code, allowing one to access the book/images on any device electronically.

From the neuroradiology aspect, the authors have done a good job in combining standard imaging with more advanced techniques. An example of the latter is the chapter on fMR where the fundamental concepts of fMR task involvement, image analysis, and clinical applications are described and shown. Likewise, the 36-page chapter on brain MRs is a thorough description of the technique involved and the value of adding this to routine imaging. The chapter benefits greatly from having a physicist (Dr. Kwock) as the senior author. Throughout multiple chapters, imaging other than standard sequences are shown, such as CT/pMR, permeability curves, PET/CT, and DTI maps. While most of these techniques are applied to the brain, some examples are part of other areas like neck masses. The book is abundantly illustrated with generally acceptable high-quality images (although the chapter on the orbit has some very dated and low-resolution images). Of course, …

Specialty Imaging: Temporomandibular Joint, 1st Edition

Tamimi DF, Hatcher DC. Specialty Imaging: Temporomandibular Joint. 1st ed. Elsevier; 2016; 800 pp; 2000 ill; $299.99

Cover of Specialty Imaging by Tamimi & HatcherDo not be fooled by the title of this book: Temporomandibular Joint. The book is just under 900 pages in length, so one can immediately suspect that there is far more here than just the TMJ. Without actually counting the pages that directly address the joint itself, a conservative estimate is that there are 100 pages. That leaves 85% of the book for adjacent critical areas of the neck and spine. All this is said so that one can get a feeling for the encompassing nature of the book.

Done in the usual superb and inclusive manner of all of the books in this multi-year series from Amirsys/Elsevier, the two chief editors/authors, Drs. Tamimi and Hatcher, and 43 authors have put together a book which addresses areas we deal with on a nearly daily basis and other areas we less frequently encounter. The book comes (as do virtually all of the books in this series) with a code which allows access to the eBook version.

There are 7 sections: Understanding of the TMJ; Anatomy; Modalities Used for the TMJ Imaging: Diagnoses; Radiographic Differential Diagnosis; Clinical Differential Diagnosis; and Imaging of TMJ Procedures. These section titles belie the fact that there is much in such sections which are apart from the TMJ itself.

Virtually everyone in radiology knows the quality of these books, with their illustrations, graphics, imaging (CT/MR), and bullet points. This particular book is no exception. While some of the material is reproduced from their other publications, the bringing together of this material in anatomic regions adjacent to the TMJs has its advantages. Wide-ranging subjects are covered; for example, in Section 4 (400 pages) entitled Diagnoses, the beginning portion (150 …

Neuroradiology Imaging: Case Review Series, 1st Edition

Labruzzo SV, Loevner LA, Saraf-Lavi E, Yousem DM. Neuroradiology Imaging: Case Review Series. 1st ed. Elsevier; 2016; 416 pp; 530 ill; $69.99

Cover of Neuroradiology Imaging by Labruzzo et alMost radiologists love case-based books and for good reason. One gets to see and analyze images which might infrequently or rarely be seen in the course of a year’s practice. Further, it is an enjoyable way of challenging the depths of one’s knowledge.

Enter a new book (publication date 2017) entitled Neuroradiology Imaging: Case Review Series, written by Drs. Labruzzo and Yousem from John Hopkins, Dr. Loevner from the University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Saraf-Lavi from the University of Miami. They have collected important and instructive cases encompassing material related to the brain, spine, and head/neck. In a familiar fashion, a case is presented with a few images and a brief history. Four questions follow (which often give away the diagnosis), and the over page features the answers to each question with an explanation and half page of comments related to the case. There are 200 cases mixed between brain/spine/H&N and bunched into categories which the authors consider relatively easy to more difficult. Under the answers to each question, the images shown on the prior page are repeated, albeit in a smaller format. Here the authors missed an opportunity to label the key findings, presuming that the findings were so obvious they did not have to be labeled. That may be true for most cases, but not for all. Take one example: the case of a TMJ with displacement of a disc without recapture. Here labeling the displaced disc would have been beneficial to those who do not have TMJ MR experience, as would labeling of inner ear abnormalities in Down syndrome. There are other examples where labeling the smaller images would have been worthwhile.

The …

Musculoskeletal Imaging: Case Review Series, 3rd Edition

Yu J. Musculoskeletal Imaging: Case Review Series. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2016; 584 pp; $69.99

Cover of Musculoskeletal Imaging by YuThe popular Case Review Series recently added an updated 3rd edition of Musculoskeletal Imaging by Joseph Yu. In this edition, Dr. Yu has expanded and enhanced a veritable trove of musculoskeletal cases, clearly selected for teaching value and clinical relevance, with a nod toward the types of cases one might expect on the CORE exam. At 570 pages and 200 cases, the book maintains the familiar organization of 40 “Opening Round,” 135 “Fair Game,” and 25 “Challenge” cases. All cases cross-reference Musculoskeletal Imaging: the Requisites, 4th ed1, as well as recent publications from primary sources for additional reading.

Having myself relied on the 2nd edition for my studies and boards preparation as a resident, I was interested in seeing how the new boards format would impact content and presentation style of the cases. For one, open-ended questions of the type that had often been employed in the now bygone oral exams have been eliminated. A brief question stem with clinical information (e.g., patient gender, age, and chief complaint) now precedes a multiple-choice format review. But other than that minor change, the basic format of these cases and the particular themes and topics covered remain as in prior editions.

This constancy should not be taken to mean that the material is simply a recycled volume of old teaching cases. As touted by Dr. Yu in his preface, nearly all of the case images are new. The quality of these images and the clarity of the pathology depicted is outstanding. The answers also are now accompanied by annotated images with figure legends, which can be tremendously helpful for more junior residents in quickly determining the exact location and nature of the abnormality. And perhaps most …