Full Reviews

Imaging Anatomy: Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis, 2nd Edition

Federle MP, Rosado-de-Christenson ML, Raman SP, Carter BW, Woodward PJ, Shaaban AM. Imaging Anatomy: Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis. 2nd ed. Elsevier; 2016; 1192 pp; $329.99

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For anyone predominantly or exclusively involved in neuroradiology, having a high-quality, well-illustrated, and readily available text covering the chest, abdomen, and pelvis is desirable. Those parts of the body have a nasty way of occasionally making the interpretations of spine imaging more difficult. Enter the second edition of Imaging Anatomy: Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis (2017), published by Elsevier and edited by Drs. Federle, Rosado-de-Christenson, Raman, Carter, Woodward, and Shaaban. As with all the books in this series, the drawings, the imaging, and the bullet point written material in this hardcover book is outstanding in quality.

The chest section is divided into 16 chapters, the abdomen into 17 chapters, and the pelvis into 8 chapters. The emphasis throughout, as the title implies, is on anatomy; however, in some sections (e.g., in the abdomen) there is more pathologic imaging than in others. Nearly all of the material is pertinent to our interpretation of spine imaging when large fields of view are included (or even if the FOVs are narrow). Nowhere is this more pertinent than when viewing thoracic lumbar spine imaging (CTs in particular) and analyzing the abdominal contents when required. Here would be a ready reference to help resolve questions related to anatomy and pathology incidentally seen on neuroimaging. The same can be said for the imaging of the pelvis. Here (as in the entire book) the illustrations of the anatomy are outstanding. These help to further one’s appreciation of the accompanying CT anatomy, although MR and US are included to a lesser extent. There are areas that will not be troublesome when viewing spine or lumbosacral plexus studies, such as detailed imaging anatomy of the heart …

Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Brain and Meninges, Spine, and Head and Neck

Meyers SP. Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Brain and Meninges. Thieme; 2016; 652 pp; 1713 ill; $179.99

Meyers SP. Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Spine. Thieme; 2016; 288 pp; 309 ill; $149.99

Meyers SP. Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Head and Neck. Thieme; 2016; 664 pp; 1538 ill; $179.99

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With an unprecedented trifecta, Dr. Steven Meyers from the University of Rochester Medical Center has single-handedly authored and simultaneously published 3 books: Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Brain and Meninges (652 pages), Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Spine (288 pages), and Differential Diagnosis in Neuroimaging: Head and Neck (664 pages). The set up in each book is similar and follows the same format, which in turn adds to the appeal of these 3 publications.

Each book has a short introduction related to anatomy and/or development, and in some areas there are short descriptions of anatomy and function that precede specific material. Pathological cases are presented in well-defined sections, each containing abundant and well-chosen images that are combined with tables that list each disease and adjacent to columns containing findings and comments on the disease under consideration. This is not a common way of presenting material; however, it is effective, allowing a substantial amount of material to be discussed in a compact space. It also allows a nice separation of imaging findings from other important clinical and pathologic information. I do find it amazing that Dr. Meyers was able to obtain all of these images from his own files and collate them so completely.

The chapters in Brain are: congenital malformations; supratentorial intra-axial lesions; infratentrial intra-axial lesions; multiple lesions; white matter lesions and diffuse lesions in children; lesions of the basal ganglia; neurodegenerative disorders; ischemia/infarction in adults; ischemia/infarction in children; intra- and parasellar lesions; and pineal region lesions. The chapters in Spine are: congenital/development; …

General and Vascular Ultrasound: Case Review, 3rd Edition

McGahan JP, Teefey SA, Needleman L. General and Vascular Ultrasound: Case Review. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2016; 376 pp; 800 ill; $59.99

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The third edition of General and Vascular Ultrasound: Case Review Series (2016) by John McGahan, Sharlene Teefey, and Laurence Needleman is an update to this classic series that has helped generations of radiology residents on their paths toward board certification. While the format of the new board exam is different, these cases of varying difficulty are no less relevant than they were when we all traveled to Louisville.

A total of 127 cases are categorized as Opening Round, Fair Game, and Challenge cases. As has historically been the case, Opening Round is a great warm-up for those basic cases that should be seen early in residency, Fair Game cases offer a good review for more senior residents, and Challenge cases give upper-level residents a run for their money. Even for general radiologists in practice, reviewing all of these cases can help individuals recall forgotten tidbits of knowledge about common cases we see fairly frequently. Approaching each case as an unknown is not only entertaining, but brings back mostly fond (and some not-so-fond) memories of countless hours of boards preparation.

Each case begins with an image, a brief history, and 4 multiple choice questions about the image. The subsequent page gives the diagnosis, the answer to the questions, and a commentary which varies in format depending on the case. Cross references to The Requisites series rounds out the case, along with acknowledgments where appropriate. The images are good and a section of supplemental images is a nice addition to round out the review of each case.

I continue to highly recommend the Case Review Series, including this book, to residents studying on rotation and preparing for the boards. The …

RadCases: Ultrasound Imaging

Azar N, Donaldson CK. RadCases: Ultrasound Imaging. Thieme; 2015; 224 pp; 460 ill; $59.99

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RadCases: Ultrasound Imaging by Nami Azar and Carolyn K. Donaldson was published by Thieme in 2015 and is part of the RadCases series edited by Jonathan Lorenz and Hector Ferral. This book fits in well with the RadCases series as a case-based review of ultrasound cases, which includes common and unusual diseases and demonstrates how they appear on ultrasound, with supplemental cross-sectional images in some cases. The hardcover includes 100 cases plus a scratch-off code that allows the purchaser to access all 100 cases and an additional 150 cases online for 1 year.

Cases are presented in a random fashion with respect to topic, just as cases may be read in practice. Thus, a gallbladder case may be followed by a thyroid case, then a kidney case, and then a scrotal case. One drawback to this format is that it hinders focused studying of 1 topic area at a time. A benefit is that it is a more realistic format and facilitates the presentation of each case as an unknown. Each case begins with 1 or more ultrasound images and a brief clinical presentation. Further workup images and sometimes cross-sectional images are shown on the same page. When the page is turned, the second page summarizes the imaging findings with an annotated description. A differential diagnosis is given with the correct disease in bold print. A brief section on essential facts and pearls and pitfalls follows. Each of these sections is written in brief bullet points.

The cases are a nice mix of complex and basic cases. Topics are reviewed succinctly but effectively. Image quality is very good and the images are practical, reflecting what might be encountered in clinical practice. There is a nice …

Nerve Surgery

Mackinnon SE. Nerve Surgery. Thieme; 2015; 645 pp; 879 ill; $299.99

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Dr. Susan Mackinnon is a world-renowned expert in all aspects of peripheral nerve injury and repair, from basic science to surgery and clinical treatment to clinical discovery. She has served as Professor and Chair of Plastic Surgery at Washington University School of Medicine for almost two decades.

As an author of more than 500 articles in numerous areas of nerve injury and repair, she is likely best known for her work on the development of nerve allograft repair with immunosuppression, the understanding of tubular nerve repair strategies, and more recently, nerve transfers. She co-authored a book with Lee Dellon in the late 80s on peripheral nerve surgery, and the current textbook, now almost 30 years later, is a much-needed update on and advance in the field.

The book is organized into sections, going from basic science and anatomy and physiology of nerve repair to the concept of nerve grafting. As opposed to the previous text, there is a real focus on nerve transfers, a relatively new area of peripheral nerve surgery. The text is extremely well-organized and of enormous value as a reference text for any practitioner involved in nerve repair.

The neuroradiology aspects of this book are relatively minor and limited—mostly to images of tumors of the peripheral nervous system. The area of imaging of nerve injuries is really a sub-subspecialty within this field of neuroradiology and is essentially not covered in this text.

The text does cover many of the surgical aspects of peripheral nerve repair, including (but not limited to) direct nerve repair, nerve graft, and nerve transfers. It includes entrapment neuropathies as well as tendon transfers for functional recovery.

The images are excellent and clearly labeled. Only a few are taken from the original …

Temporal Bone Dissection Guide, 2nd Edition

Francis HW, Niparko JK. Temporal Bone Dissection Guide. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 96 pp; 165 ill; $89.99

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The second edition of Temporal Bone Dissection Guide provides an excellent foundation for mastering temporal bone anatomy as well as otologic and neurotologic surgical procedures through a well-organized presentation of essential temporal bone anatomy and its clinical application in temporal bone surgery. The authors’ systematic approach to the presentation of the material parallels the progression of knowledge acquisition and skill development among otolaryngology residents and neurotology fellows-in-training. Following a well-emphasized discussion on the proper use of the operating microscope and otologic instruments, including suction/irrigation and high-speed drills, the authors describe temporal bone surface anatomy and the fundamentals of performing a successful and safe mastoidectomy before proceeding to discuss deeper, more complex anatomic features and mastery of anatomic landmarks in lateral skull base procedures. The second edition has also added a section on endoscopic middle ear dissection, which has become an essential component in mastering otologic surgical technique. Furthermore, this edition has expanded the description of techniques for infratemporal and extended middle fossa dissection.

The text of the dissection manual provides easy-to-follow, fundamental information that is supplemented with well-labeled illustrations, histologic slides, and radiographic images, as well as current references with suggested reading. Furthermore, included with the purchase of the dissection manual is access to online videos of cadaveric and intraoperative temporal bone dissection with narration by the contributing authors. A potential limitation of the manual is that it does not provide images of cadaveric or intraoperative temporal bone dissection, which could help readers further hone their understanding of the complex 3D anatomy.

The accurate and concise information presented in the dissection manual reflects the cumulative surgical and teaching experience of the contributing authors. Although several temporal bone dissection manuals have been published …

Complications in Vascular Interventional Therapy: Case-Based Solutions

Mueller-Huelsbeck S, Jahnke T. Complications in Vascular Interventional Therapy: Case-Based Solutions. Thieme; 2016; 280 pp; 540 ill; $159.99

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Steve Harvey, the entertainer who mistakenly crowned the wrong woman as Miss Universe 2015, once said, “Failure is a great teacher, and I think when you make mistakes and you recover from them and you treat them as valuable learning experiences, then you’ve got something to share.” While mistakes in medicine are never as laughable as his, this quote underscores one of the most powerful teachers in medicine: mistakes. Winston Churchill said, “All men make mistakes, but only wise men learn from their mistakes.” While local morbidity and mortality conferences allow groups to learn from one individual’s mistakes, fear of legal action or professional embarrassment engenders reticence to present and publish our own mistakes on a national or international stage. However, physicians everywhere know the value of learning from complications. For example, by popular demand, a local morbidity and mortality conference in Austria has morphed into a major international conference (International Conference on Complications in Interventional Radiology sponsored by the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Society of Europe, or CIRSE).

This book presents a total of 106 cases (illustrated with 540 images). Each case provides patient history, initial/intended treatment, problems encountered, a list of possible bailouts of the complication, an explanation of which route was chosen and how it was carried out, and finally, an analysis of the complication. What makes the cases such good learning experiences is the fact that, despite many awful-looking initial complications, only one of the patients died (but likely because of his underlying condition rather than the complication). Therefore, in reading this book, one can learn of the plethora of endovascular complications that exist, and hopefully learn how to prevent their occurrence, or at the very least, …

Neuroradiology: The Requisites, 4th Edition

Nadgir R, Yousem DM. Neuroradiology: The Requisites. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2017; 640 pp; 1200 ill; $109.99

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In the 4th edition (2017) of the remarkably successful Neuroradiology: The Requisites, Drs. Nadgir and Yousem offer a text that follows the same format and style as the 3rd edition (2010). Before even diving into the material itself, one immediately notices improvements (e.g., larger font size, higher-quality paper, and sharper image quality with many new images).

The 17 chapters have the same titles as before and, as is the custom these days, the book comes with a scratch off code, which allows the owner of the book to access the eBook. Only the chapter “Techniques in Neuroimaging” (included in the 3rd edition) has been dropped from this edition. The very first edition by Grossman and Yousem broke the mold of radiology textbooks, as it included humor in many places (some of which was very good). This prevented one from dozing off while reading the text and also allowed key information to stick. There is an attempt in the present edition to retain some of that, but there are fewer instances of a humorous touch.

If one book were to be recommend to all residents (and fellows) beginning their neuroradiology experience, this would be the one. As expected, much of the material displays classic findings which, of course, is the objective of this 630-page hardcover book. The chapters include information on cranial anatomy, brain neoplasms, vascular disease of the brain, head trauma, infections/inflammatory diseases of the brain, white matter disease, neurodegenerative disease and hydrocephalus, congenital anomalies of the CNS, orbit, sella and central skull base, temporal bone, sinonasal disease, mucosal and nodal disease of the head and neck, extramucosol disease of the head and neck, anatomy and degenerative disease of the spine, nondegenerative …

The Bobath Concept in Adult Neurology, 2nd Edition

Gjelsvik BB, Syre L. The Bobath Concept in Adult Neurology. 2nd ed. Thieme; 2016; 296 pp; 203 ill; $84.99

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The Bobath Concept of Adult Neurology, published in 2016, offers a fresh new look on an established subject. The text is highly factual, accurate, and well-written. I feel the book is a great teaching tool for physical therapy students, as well as a reference for established practitioners. The subject is more than adequately covered and the text is organized to continually bring concepts back to clinical relevance, which is helpful for all clinicians. Compared to a previously written text in 2009, this text seems to more often pull in clinical examples. While a valuable text for practioners of neurological rehabilitation, its relevance for the neuroradiology audience is lacking.

The Bobath Concept of Adult Neurology begins with relevant neuroanatomy, applied physiology, and consequences of damage to these systems in the CNS to the functioning of the human suffering such damage. Subsequent chapters then attempt to put such damage into clinical context. This begins with the discussion of normal human movement and then branches to abnormal movement as a consequence of the damage discussed earlier. The next section addresses the treatment of such dysfunction and thus the crux of the Bobath concept of rehabilitation. By creating the initial framework and then introducing the Bobath techniques, the text helps readers understand why the treatment may work intuitively, even without the evidence of placebo-controlled research. The next chapter presents the outcome measures affected by these treatments. Finally, the text ends with two specific case histories where the Bobath technique proved successful. At this point, the reader does find the cases plausible based on the data presented.

Ample figures, tables, and drawings are presented within the text. These are relevant, instructive, and labeled appropriately. …

Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Practical Guide

Runge VM. Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Practical Guide. Thieme; 2016; 160 pp; 711 ill; $79.99

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In a short, easy-to-read, soft-covered book, “Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disease: A Practical Guide,” Dr. Runge has compiled all the key points in CVD imaging without going into elaborate and unnecessary details. The reader will come away understanding how to acquire and interpret vascular disease imaging, including stroke, vascular malformations, and aneurysms. By providing an initial chapter on MR and CT techniques, Dr. Runge lays a foundation for the 5 chapters that follow. Nice comparisons both technique-wise and with images at 1.5 T and 3.0T scanners are described and illustrated.

Dr. Runge has previously published material on MR physics and on contrast material in MR imaging, so the first chapter is a summary of his experience as it relates to CVD. It is important to start with the reading of this chapter, but one must have a basic knowledge of MR to fully appreciate this material. The material is not intended for someone trying to understand the fundamentals of MR imaging. There is less time spent on CT, in part due to the fact that there are fewer variables to manipulate or consider; nonetheless, the underpinning of CT in CVD is explained.

The chapters on normal anatomy and hemorrhage are short and adequately illustrated.

The chapter on ischemia is one that should be made available to new residents rotating through neuroradiology and all neuroradiology fellows. It will serve to emphasize the appearance and evolution of strokes, using different MR parameters and different strength MR systems. It is noteworthy that when describing and illustrating infarcts, there is a mention of the particular part of the brain involved. Such inclusion in any radiology report makes it more meaningful and helps with the anatomic/clinical correlations. Parameter maps …