Progressing Bevacizumab-Induced Diffusion Restriction Is Associated with Coagulative Necrosis Surrounded by Viable Tumor and Decreased Overall Survival in Patients with Recurrent Glioblastoma
The authors explored regions of diffusion restriction following bevacizumab therapy in patients with glioblastoma by 1) analyzing tissue samples from patients at postmortem to pathologically confirm tumor cellularity or coagulative necrosis and 2) assessing the patient populationto determine the effect that these lesions have on overall survival. The postmortem examinations were performed on 6 patients with recurrent glioblastoma on bevacizumab with progressively growing regions of diffusion restriction. ADC values were extracted from regions of both hypercellular tumor and necrosis. They conclude that progressive diffusion-restricted lesions were pathologically confirmed to be coagulative necrosis surrounded by viable tumor and associated with decreased overall survival.